Planta

, Volume 241, Issue 4, pp 987–1004 | Cite as

Identification, validation and cross-species transferability of novel Lavandula EST-SSRs

  • Ayelign M. Adal
  • Zerihun A. Demissie
  • Soheil S. Mahmoud
Original Article

Abstract

Main conclusion

We identified and characterized EST-SSRs with strong discrimination power againstLavandula angustifoliaandLavandula x intermedia. The markers also showed considerable cross-species transferability rate into six relatedLavandulaspecies.

Abstract

Lavenders (Lavandula) are important economical crops grown around the globe for essential oil production. In an attempt to develop genetic markers for these plants, we analyzed over 13,000 unigenes developed from L. angustifolia and L. x intermedia EST databases, and identified 3,459 simple sequence repeats (SSR), which were dominated by trinucleotides (41.2 %) and dinucleotides (31.45 %). Approximately, 19 % of the unigenes contained at least one SSR marker, over 60 % of which were localized in the UTRs. Only 252 EST-SSRs were 18 bp or longer from which 31 loci were validated, and 24 amplified discrete fragments with 85 % polymorphism in L. x intermedia and L. angustifolia. The average number of alleles in L. x intermedia and L. angustifolia were 3.42 and 3.71 per marker with average PIC values of 0.47 and 0.52, respectively. These values suggest a moderate to strong level of informativeness for the markers, with some loci producing unique fingerprints. The cross-species transferability rate of the markers ranges 50–100 % across eight species. The utility of these markers was assessed in eight Lavandula species and 15 L. angustifolia and L. x intermedia cultivars, and the dendrogram deduced from their similarity indexes successfully delineated the species into their respective sections and the cultivars into their respective species. These markers have potential for application in fingerprinting, diversity studies and marker-assisted breeding of Lavandula.

Keywords

EST-SSR Genetic marker Lavandula L. angustifolia L. x intermedia Polymorphism 

Abbreviations

CDS

Protein coding regions

EST

Expressed sequence tags

EO

Essential oil

He

Genetic diversity

Na

Number of alleles

PIC

Polymorphic information content

PFR

Primer flanking regions

SSR

Simple sequence repeats

UTR

Untranslated regions

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ayelign M. Adal
    • 1
  • Zerihun A. Demissie
    • 1
    • 2
  • Soheil S. Mahmoud
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of British ColumbiaKelownaCanada
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesBrock UniversitySt. CatharinesCanada

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