Planta

, Volume 240, Issue 6, pp 1167–1178 | Cite as

Wheat grain preharvest sprouting and late maturity alpha-amylase

Review

Abstract

Preharvest sprouting (PHS) and late maturity α-amylase (LMA) are the two major causes of unacceptably high levels of α-amylase in ripe wheat grain. High α-amylase activity in harvested grain results in substantially lower prices for wheat growers and at least in the case of PHS, is associated with adverse effects on the quality of a range of end-products and loss of viability during storage. The high levels of α-amylase are reflected in low falling number, the internationally accepted measure for grain receival and trade. Given the significant losses that can occur, elimination of these defects remains a major focus for wheat breeding programs in many parts of the world. In addition, the genetic, biochemical and molecular mechanisms involved in the control of PHS and LMA as well as the interactions with environmental factors have attracted a sustained research interest. PHS and LMA are independent, genetically controlled traits that are strongly influenced by the environment, where the effects of particular environmental factors vary substantially depending on the stage of grain development and ripening. This review is a summary and an assessment of results of recent research on these important grain quality defects.

Keywords

Dormancy Release from dormancy Abscisic acid Gibberellic acid Grain development QTL 

Abbreviations

PHS

Preharvest sprouting

LMA

Late maturity α-amylase

QTL

Quantitative trait locus

ABA

Abscisic acid

GA

Gibberellic acid

PCR

Polymerase chain reaction

SHW

Synthetic hexaploid wheat

Supplementary material

425_2014_2172_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 17 kb)
425_2014_2172_MOESM2_ESM.docx (18 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 17 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Agriculture Food and WineUniversity of Adelaide, Waite CampusGlen OsmondAustralia

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