, Volume 228, Issue 4, pp 537–543 | Cite as

Stamen development in Arabidopsis is arrested by organ-specific overexpression of a cucumber ethylene synthesis gene CsACO2

  • Qiao-Hong Duan
  • Dong-Hui Wang
  • Zhi-Hong Xu
  • Shu-Nong BaiEmail author
Original Article


Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) has served as a model to understand hormone regulation in unisexual flower development since the 1950s and the role of ethylene in promoting female flower development has been well documented. Recent studies cloned the F-locus in gynoecious lines as an additional copy of the ACC synthase (ACS) gene, which further confirmed the role of ethylene in the promotion of female cucumber flowers. However, no direct evidence was generated to demonstrate that increases in endogenous ethylene production could induce female flowers by arresting stamen development. To clarify the relationship between ethylene production and stamen development, we overexpressed the ethylene synthesis cucumber gene CsACO2 to generate transgenic Arabidopsis, driven by the organ-specific promoter P AP3 . We found that organ-specific overexpression of CsACO2 significantly affected stamen but not carpel development, similar to that in the female flowers of cucumber. Our results suggested that increases in ethylene production directly disturb stamen development. Additionally, our study revealed that among all floral organs, stamens respond most sensitively to exogenous ethylene.


CsACO2 Cucumber unisexual flower development Female flowers Transgenic Arabidopsis 



Cucumis sativus ACC oxidase gene2


Arabidopsis gene Apetala3


1-Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate acid


Arabidopsis gene Crab’s Claw


The dominant negative Arabidopsis ethylene response mutant gene



We thank Cong Li and Hong-Bo Pang for their contributions to the project when they worked in our lab as student assistants. We are grateful to Yi-Ben Peng and Su-Lan Bai for their technical assistance in morphological analysis. We would like to give special thanks to Prof. Zhong-Ping Lin at the College of Life Sciences, Peking University for his help in constructing transgenic plants, Prof. Xing-Qiang He and Yu Pang for their help in analysis of PCD in transgenic Arabidopsis. This work was supported by grants to S-N.B. from MST (J00-A-005, G19990116, 2007CB1087), NSFC (30070361), and to Z-H.X from MST.

Supplementary material

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MOESM1 [Supplementary material] (DOC 2640 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qiao-Hong Duan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dong-Hui Wang
    • 1
    • 2
  • Zhi-Hong Xu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shu-Nong Bai
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.PKU-Yale Joint Research Center of Agricultural and Plant Molecular Biology, National Key Laboratory of Protein Engineering and Plant Gene Engineering, College of Life SciencesPeking UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.The National Center of Plant Gene ResearchBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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