Planta

, 225:753 | Cite as

Amino acids regulate salinity-induced potassium efflux in barley root epidermis

Original Article

Abstract

The amino acid content increases substantially in salt-stressed plants. The physiological relevance of this phenomenon remains largely unknown. Using the MIFE ion flux measuring technique, we studied the effects of physiologically relevant concentrations of 26 amino acids on NaCl-induced K+ flux from barley root epidermis. We show that 21 (of 26) amino acids caused a significant mitigation of the NaCl-induced K+ efflux, while valine and ornithine substantially enhanced the detrimental effects of salinity on K+ homeostasis. Our results suggest that physiologically relevant concentrations of free amino acids might contribute to plant adaptive responses to salinity by regulating K+ transport across the plasma membrane, thus enabling maintenance of an optimal K+/Na+ ratio as opposed to being merely a symptom of plant damage by stress. Investigating the specific mechanisms of such amelioration remains a key issue for future studies.

Keywords

Amino acids Barley Membrane Potassium homeostasis Stress Adaptation 

Abbreviations

BS

Bath solution

MIFE

Microelectrode ion flux

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Agricultural ScienceUniversity of TasmaniaHobartAustralia

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