, Volume 221, Issue 4, pp 513–522 | Cite as

Characterisation and functional analysis of two barley caleosins expressed during barley caryopsis development

  • Hui Liu
  • Peter Hedley
  • Linda Cardle
  • Kathryn M. Wright
  • Ingo Hein
  • David Marshall
  • Robbie WaughEmail author
Original Article


Two full-length cDNA sequences homologous to caleosin, a seed-storage oil-body protein from sesame, were identified from a series of barley grain development cDNA libraries and further characterised. The cDNAs, subsequently termed HvClo1 and HvClo2, encode proteins of 34 kDa and 28 kDa, respectively. Real-time RT-PCR indicated that HvClo1 is expressed abundantly during the later stages of embryogenesis and is seed-specific, accumulating in the scutellum of mature embryos. HvClo2 is expressed mainly in the endosperm tissues of the developing grain. We show that HvClo1 and HvClo2 are paralogs that co-segregate on barley chromosome 2HL. Transient expression of HvClo1 in lipid storage and non-storage cells of barley using biolistic particle bombardment indicates that caleosins have different subcellular locations from the structural oil-body protein oleosin, and by inference participate in different sorting pathways. We observe that caleosin sorts via small vesicles, suggesting a likely association with lipid trafficking, membrane expansion and oil-body biogenesis.


Caleosin Oleosin Gene expression Gene fusions Hordeum vulgare Seed storage Oil-body biogenesis 



Expressed sequence tag


Days post-anthesis


Green fluorescent protein


Red fluorescent protein


Single-nucleotide polymorphism





This work was supported by the Scottish Executive Environment and Rural Affairs Department. We thank Professor Jason Tzen for kindly providing the anti-sesame caleosin sera, Ms Clare Booth for DNA sequencing, Ms Diane Davidson for demonstrating the transient expression experiment, Dr Christophe Lacomme for suggestions and ideas, Dr Gordon Jamieson for analysing caleosin sequences and Dr Luke Ramsay for genetic mapping.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hui Liu
    • 1
  • Peter Hedley
    • 1
  • Linda Cardle
    • 1
  • Kathryn M. Wright
    • 1
  • Ingo Hein
    • 1
  • David Marshall
    • 1
  • Robbie Waugh
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Scottish Crop Research InstituteInvergowrieScotland, UK

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