Planta

, Volume 219, Issue 4, pp 561–578 | Cite as

Exploitation of marine algae: biogenic compounds for potential antifouling applications

Review

Abstract

Marine algae are one of the largest producers of biomass in the marine environment. They produce a wide variety of chemically active metabolites in their surroundings, potentially as an aid to protect themselves against other settling organisms. These active metabolites, also known as biogenic compounds, produced by several species of marine macro- and micro-algae, have antibacterial, antialgal, antimacrofouling and antifungal properties, which are effective in the prevention of biofouling, and have other likely uses, e.g. in therapeutics. The isolated substances with potent antifouling activity belong to groups of fatty acids, lipopeptides, amides, alkaloids, terpenoids, lactones, pyrroles and steroids. These biogenic compounds have the potential to be produced commercially using metabolic engineering techniques. Therefore, isolation of biogenic compounds and determination of their structure could provide leads for future development of, for example, environmentally friendly antifouling paints. This paper mainly discusses the successes of such research, and the future applications in the context of understanding the systems biology of micro-algae and cyanobacteria.

Keywords

Antifouling Biofouling Biogenic compounds Marine algae Metabolic engineering 

Abbreviations

AHL

Acylated homoserine lactone

TBT

Tributyl tin

Notes

Acknowledgements

Punyasloke Bhadury acknowledges the Department for International Development (DFID), Heriot Watt University and the Association of Commonwealth Universities for the provision of a DFID Scholarship. Phillip Wright acknowledges the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council for an Advanced Research Fellowship (GR/A11311/01). We thank Professor Thomas K. Wood of The University of Connecticut for helpful advice on furanones.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biological and Environmental Systems Group, Department of Chemical and Process EngineeringUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  2. 2.Centre for Marine Biodiversity and Biotechnology, School of Life SciencesHeriot Watt UniversityEdinburghUK
  3. 3.Plymouth Marine LaboratoryPlymouthUK

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