Planta

, Volume 219, Issue 4, pp 619–625 | Cite as

Elimination of ergoline alkaloids following treatment of Ipomoea asarifolia (Convolvulaceae) with fungicides

  • Sabine Kucht
  • Julia Groß
  • Yasser Hussein
  • Torsten Grothe
  • Ullrich Keller
  • Simla Basar
  • Wilfried A. König
  • Ulrike Steiner
  • Eckhard Leistner
Original Article

Abstract

Ergoline alkaloids are constituents of Clavicipitaceous fungi living on Poaceae plants. Ergoline alkaloids as well as volatile oil are also present in Ipomoea asarifolia Roem. & Schult (Convolvulaceae). Treatment of this plant with two fungicides (Folicur, Pronto Plus) eliminates the ergoline alkaloids but not the volatile oil. Elimination of ergoline alkaloids occurs concomitantly with loss of fungal hyphae associated with secretory glands on the upper leaf surface of the Ipomoea plant. Our observations suggest that accumulation of ergoline alkaloids in the Convolvulaceae may depend on the presence of a plant-associated fungus.

Keywords

Alkaloid Ergoline Ipomoea Plant–fungus association Secretory gland Volatile oil 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Dr. D. Gröger (Halle, Germany) for reference samples, Dr. E. Eich (Berlin, Germany) for reference samples and seeds and Dr. Chris Schardl (Lexington, KY, USA) for helpful discussions. This work was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and Fonds der Chemischen Industrie.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sabine Kucht
    • 1
  • Julia Groß
    • 1
  • Yasser Hussein
    • 1
  • Torsten Grothe
    • 2
  • Ullrich Keller
    • 2
  • Simla Basar
    • 3
  • Wilfried A. König
    • 3
  • Ulrike Steiner
    • 4
  • Eckhard Leistner
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie der Universität BonnBonnGermany
  2. 2.ActinoDrug Pharmaceuticals GmbHHennigsdorfGermany
  3. 3.Institut für Organische ChemieHamburgGermany
  4. 4.Institut für Pflanzenkrankheiten der Universität BonnBonnGermany

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