Regulation of phosphate transport in proximal tubules

Transport Physiology

DOI: 10.1007/s00424-008-0580-8

Cite this article as:
Biber, J., Hernando, N., Forster, I. et al. Pflugers Arch - Eur J Physiol (2009) 458: 39. doi:10.1007/s00424-008-0580-8

Abstract

Homeostasis of inorganic phosphate (Pi) is primarily an affair of the kidneys. Reabsorption of the bulk of filtered Pi occurs along the renal proximal tubule and is initiated by apically localized Na+-dependent Pi cotransporters. Tubular Pi reabsorption and therefore renal excretion of Pi is controlled by a number of hormones, including phosphatonins, and metabolic factors. In most cases, regulation of Pi reabsorption is achieved by changing the apical abundance of Na+/Pi cotransporters. The regulatory mechanisms involve various signaling pathways and a number of proteins that interact with Na+/Pi cotransporters.

Keywords

Sodium-dependent cotransport Phosphate homeostasis Regulation Phosphate excretion 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Physiology and Zurich Center for Integrative Human PhysiologyUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institute of PhysiologyUniversity of ZurichZurichSwitzerland

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