Thyroid carcinoma in intrathoracic goiter
- 66 Downloads
Introduction: Most cases of intrathoracic goiter can be managed by cervical incision alone. A thoracic approach may be needed when adhesions or an anomalous blood supply are present or carcinoma is suspected. Patients and methods: Only 44 patients out of 5263 operated on for goiter needed a thoracic incision. A sternotomy was performed in 29 cases and a thoracotomy in 15; a malignancy was present in 9 cases. Symptoms, surgical approach, histology, survival and pTN staging of these 9 patients were reviewed and discussed; no perioperative mortality was observed. Discussion: A thoracic approach is more frequently needed for treatment of intrathoracic thyroid carcinoma as it offers a greater chance of radical excision and better control of intraoperative bleeding. Histologically, thyroid carcinoma in intrathoracic goiter is often anaplastic or rare and has a poor long-term survival rate when compared to cervical forms.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.