Is fine-needle aspiration cytology for thyroid nodules a routine and safe procedure? A series of emergency cervicotomies following FNAC
- 202 Downloads
Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a widely used diagnostic tool to assess thyroid lesions, with a low morbidity rate. Although neck hematomas following FNAC are reported, only four cases of massive hemorrage resulting in acute airways obstruction have been previously described.
We report a series of three emergency cervicotomies for a massive neck hematoma causing acute respiratory distress after a thyroid FNAC.
Endotracheal intubation followed by decompressive cervicotomy and surgical neck exploration was made in all patients. Two patients underwent isthmectomy, while a left thyroid lobectomy plus left lateral neck limphadenectomy was performed in the third case. Extubation was achieved within 12 h in the ICU. All patients were discharged uneventfully within 72 h.
Acute thyroid hemorrage is a very rare but possible complication of FNAC, potentially fatal for the patient. Prompt evaluation and intervention is mandatory for patients with rapidly evolving symptoms.
KeywordsThyroid Airways obstruction Neck hematoma Fine-needle aspiration cytology
- 4.Gharib H, Goellner JR (1993) Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid: an appraisal. Ann of Int Med 118:282–289Google Scholar