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Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery

, 394:1019 | Cite as

Intraoperative application of “white test” to reduce postoperative bile leak after major liver resection: results of a prospective cohort study in 137 patients

  • Jun Li
  • Massimo Malagó
  • Georgios C. Sotiropoulos
  • Hauke Lang
  • Randolph Schaffer
  • Andreas Paul
  • Christoph E. Broelsch
  • Silvio NadalinEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to prove the clinical validation of the recently developed bile leakage test, “white test” (WT), in major liver resection.

Materials and methods

From June 2005 to June 2007, the study was carried out in a prospective consecutive fashion, including 74 patients without bile leakage test as the control group while 63 patients undergoing white test as the study group. The incidences of bile leakage within the 30th postoperative day in both groups were compared.

Results

Postoperative bile leakage was found in 22.9% patients in the control group and in 5.3% patients in the WT group, respectively (p < 0.01). In univariate analysis, not performing a white test, Klatskin tumor, biliary-enteric anastomosis, and longer operation time were associated with an increase of bile leakage. The multivariate analysis showed that not performing the WT was the only significant factor influencing the occurrence of postoperative bile leakage (p = 0.02).

Conclusions

The white test is a feasible and sensitive bile leakage test with no obvious disadvantages. It could be a possible standardized method to prevent bile leakage in major liver resection.

Keywords

Bile leakage Bile leakage test Liver surgery Complication 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jun Li
    • 1
  • Massimo Malagó
    • 1
  • Georgios C. Sotiropoulos
    • 1
  • Hauke Lang
    • 1
  • Randolph Schaffer
    • 1
  • Andreas Paul
    • 1
  • Christoph E. Broelsch
    • 1
  • Silvio Nadalin
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of General, Visceral, and Transplant SurgeryUniversity Hospital EssenEssenGermany

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