Desynchronizing double-pulse phase resetting and application to deep brain stimulation
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- Tass, P. Biol Cybern (2001) 85: 343. doi:10.1007/s004220100268
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Based on a stochastic phase-resetting approach, three different double-pulse stimulation techniques are presented here which make it possible to effectively desynchronize a population of phase oscillators in the presence of noise. In the three sorts of double pulses the first, stronger pulse restarts the cluster independent of its initial dynamic state. The three methods differ with respect to the mechanism through which the second, weaker pulse desynchronizes the cluster. Both first and second pulses are delivered to the same site. Because of the oscillators' global couplings in the model under consideration, the incoherent state is unstable, so that after the desynchronization the cluster tends to resynchronize. However, resynchronization is effectively blocked by repeated administration of a double pulse. The experimental application of double-pulse stimulation is explained in detail. In particular, demand-controlled deep brain double-pulse stimulation is suggested for the therapy of patients suffering from Parkinson's disease or essential tremor.