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Biological Cybernetics

, Volume 75, Issue 4, pp 321–330 | Cite as

Continuous phase transitions in the perception of multistable visual patterns

  • P. Kruse
  • H.-O. Carmesin
  • L. Pahlke
  • D. Strüber
  • M. Stadler

Abstract.

The phenomenon of stroboscopic alternative motion exhibits five different percepts that are seen with an increase in the frequency of presentation: (a) succession, (b) fluttering motion, (c) reversible clockwise and counter-clockwise turning motion, (d) oppositional motion and (e) simultaneity. From a synergetic point of view the increase in frequency is a control parameter and the different percepts are order parameters with phase transitions in between. The neural network model of Carmesin and Arndt is applied to receive predictions about hysteresis and phase transitions between these order parameters. Empirical data show the different motion percepts (b), (c) and (e) have lognormal distributions. Following the theoretical model, it is argued that there are three different phases, (a), (c) and (e), with two continuous phase transitions, (b) and (d), between them. The experimental data substantially match the theoretical ssumptions.

Keywords

Experimental Data Neural Network Phase Transition Theoretical Model Network Model 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Kruse
    • 1
  • H.-O. Carmesin
    • 1
  • L. Pahlke
    • 1
  • D. Strüber
    • 1
  • M. Stadler
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Psychology and Cognition Research and Institute of Theoretical Physics, Center for Cognitive Science, University of Bremen, D-28334 Bremen, GermanyDE

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