Biological Cybernetics

, Volume 75, Issue 3, pp 277–280 | Cite as

A terminal dynamics model of the heartbeat

  • Joseph P. Zbilut
  • Michail Zak
  • Ronald E. Meyers


 It is widely assumed that heartbeat dynamics are chaotic, although there has been no evidence confirming such an opinion, and some evidence to the contrary. Additionally, the deterministic assumptions of such dynamics cannot be demonstrated. An alternative model is presented based upon the notion of terminal dynamics, which can more faithfully represent key features of the heartbeat: namely, piecewise determinism, and singular points between beats, which allow for adaptability while maintaining stability.


Singular Point Alternative Model Deterministic Assumption Heartbeat Dynamic Terminal Dynamic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph P. Zbilut
    • 1
  • Michail Zak
    • 2
  • Ronald E. Meyers
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biophysics and Physiology, Rush University, 1653 W. Congress, Chicago, IL 60612, USAUS
  2. 2.Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91105, USAUS
  3. 3.US Army Research Laboratory, White Sands, NM 88002, USAUS

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