Biological Cybernetics

, Volume 112, Issue 5, pp 495–508 | Cite as

Application of chaos in a recurrent neural network to control in ill-posed problems: a novel autonomous robot arm

  • Seiji Kuwada
  • Tomoya Aota
  • Kengo Uehara
  • Shigetoshi NaraEmail author
Original Article


Inspired by a viewpoint that complex/chaotic dynamics would play an important role in biological systems including the brain, chaotic dynamics introduced in a recurrent neural network was applied to robot control in ill-posed situations. By computer experiments we show that a model robot arm without an advanced visual processing function can catch a target object and bring it to a set position under ill-posed situations (e.g., in the presence of unknown obstacles). The key idea in these works is adaptive switching of a system parameter (connectivity) between a chaos regime and attractor regime in a neural network model, which generates, depending on environmental circumstances, either chaotic motions or definite motions corresponding to embedded attractors. The adaptive switching results in useful functional motions of the robot arm. These successful experiments indicate that chaotic dynamics is potentially useful for practical engineering control applications. In addition, this novel autonomous arm system is implemented in a hardware robot arm that can avoid obstacles and reach for a target in a situation where the robot can get only rough target information, including uncertainty, by means of a few sensors, as indicated in the appendix, A1 and A2.


Robot arm Adaptive control Functional chaos Recurrent neural network Ill-posed problem 



This work was supported in part by Grant-in-Aid #26280093 of the Ministry of Education of Science, Sports & Culture of the Japanese government and by the Cooperative Research Program of the Network Joint Research Center for Materials and Devices.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (wmv 1854 KB)

Supplementary material 2 (wmv 842 KB)

Supplementary material 3 (wmv 582 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Graduate School of Natural Science and TechnologyOkayama UniversityKita-kuJapan

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