Advertisement

European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 86, Issue 2, pp 179–184 | Cite as

Preliminary results on mood state, salivary testosterone:cortisol ratio and team performance in a professional soccer team

  •  E. Filaire
  •  X. Bernain
  •  M. Sagnol
  •  G. Lac
Original Article

Abstract.

Mood, as measured by the profile of mood states questionnaire (POMS), salivary cortisol (F) and testosterone (T) levels, and performance were examined in 17 male soccer players 4 times during a season. Soccer players provided three saliva samples when getting up (resting values, 8 a.m.), before breakfast (11.30 a.m.), and between 4.00p.m. and 6.00 p.m. The initial measures were performed 1 day following the start of season training (T1). They were then performed before and after a high-intensity training programme (T2 and T3, respectively) and 16 weeks after T3 (T4). Iceberg profiles of POMS were observed during T1, T2 and T3, which coincided with successful performance. Subsequent decreased performance between T3 and T4 coincided with a decrease in vigor and an increase in tension and depression. Indeed, when the normal nycthemeral rhythm for F was observed (i.e. a decrease from morning until evening at all times; T1–T4), there was seemingly a non-statistical elevation of F on the morning of T3, which only became statistically significant at 11.30 a.m. on T3. In spite of a post-high-intensity training programme (T3) increase in catabolism, the soccer players presented iceberg profiles together with a high percentage of winning. Our results could suggest that in team soccer, a decreased T:F ratio does not automatically lead to a decrease in team performance or a state of team overtraining. It appears that combined psychological and physiological changes during high-intensity training are primarily of interest when monitoring training stress in relation to performance.

Hormones Mood states Performance Soccer 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  •  E. Filaire
    • 1
  •  X. Bernain
    • 1
  •  M. Sagnol
    • 1
  •  G. Lac
    • 2
  1. 1.CRIS, Laboratoire de la Performance, UFR STAPS Lyon I, Campus de la Doua, 27–29 Bld du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne, France
  2. 2.Laboratoire de la Performance, UFR Recherche, Université Blaise Pascal, Bâtiment Biologie, Les Cézeaux, 63170 Aubière, France

Personalised recommendations