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Effects of two drop-jump protocols with different volumes on vertical jump performance and its association with the force–velocity profile

  • Andrés Baena-Raya
  • Sergio Sánchez-López
  • Manuel A. Rodríguez-Pérez
  • Amador García-RamosEmail author
  • Pedro Jiménez-Reyes
Original Article
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to evaluate the changes in countermovement jump (CMJ) height after two drop-jump (DJ) protocols with different volumes, and to explore the possibility of predicting the changes in CMJ height based on the vertical force–velocity (Fv) profile.

Method

Thirty-four male athletes (age: 21.9 ± 2.0 years) were tested on three occasions. The Fv profile during the CMJ exercise was determined in the first session. Two DJ protocols (low-volume [1 set of 5 DJ trials from a 30 cm height] and high-volume [3 sets of 5 DJ trials from a 30 cm height]) were randomly performed during the second and third sessions, and the unloaded CMJ height was evaluated before (Pre), 4 min (Post4), 8 min (Post8), and 12 min (Post12) after the DJ protocol.

Results

CMJ height was significantly higher at Post4 (2.5 cm [95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.0–3.0 cm]; ES = 0.35), Post8 (2.1 cm [95% CI = 1.4–2.8 cm]; ES = 0.29) and Post12 (2.2 cm [95% CI = 1.4–3.0 cm]; ES = 0.30) compared to Pre. The only significant interaction (protocol × time) was caused by a higher increment in CMJ height at Post4 for the low-volume (8.1 ± 3.7%) compared to the high-volume (5.8 ± 3.9%) protocol. The F–v profile did not explain a significant part of the change in CMJ height (variance explained < 10%).

Conclusions

These results suggest that low-volume DJ protocols could be more efficient to acutely increase CMJ performance, while the change in CMJ height was not affected by the Fv profile.

Keywords

Force–velocity relationship Jump height Maximal power Plyometric 

Abbreviations

CMJ

Countermovement jump

DJ

Drop jump

F–v

Force–velocity

F0

Maximal theoretical force

v0

Maximal theoretical velocity

Pmax

Maximal theoretical power

PAP

Post-activation potentiation

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank all the students who selflessly participated in the study.

Author contributions

ABR, SSL, MRP and PJR conceived and designed research. ABR, SSL, and MRP conducted experiments. ABR, SSL, MRP and AGR analyzed data. ABR, SSL and AGR wrote the manuscript. All authors read and approved the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

421_2019_4276_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (39 kb)
Supplementary file1 (XLSX 39 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Education Sciences, SPORT Research Group (CTS-1024)CERNEP, University of AlmeríaAlmeríaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Sports Sciences and Physical Conditioning, Faculty of EducationUniversidad Catolica de La Santisima ConcepciónConcepciónChile
  3. 3.Center for Sport StudiesRey Juan Carlos UniversityMadridSpain

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