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Blood flow restriction increases myoelectric activity and metabolic accumulation during whole-body vibration

  • Christoph CentnerEmail author
  • Ramona Ritzmann
  • Stephan Schur
  • Albert Gollhofer
  • Daniel König
Original Article
  • 62 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Whole-body vibration (WBV) training is frequently applied in sports and rehabilitation with the aim of inducing beneficial functional and structural adaptations. In the past decades, blood flow restriction (BFR) training has received increasing attention by enhancing the effectiveness of several low-load exercise regimens. The objective of this study was to evaluate the additional effect of BFR on myoelectric activity and metabolic accumulation during WBV training.

Methods

Fifteen active men performed three sessions in a counterbalanced order on three different days: whole-body vibration exercise (WBV), whole-body vibration exercise with blood flow restriction (WBV + BFR), and a control session (CON) with neither WBV nor BFR. Electromyographic (EMG) activity was measured in six lower limb muscles throughout each exercise session; lactate and reactive oxygen species (ROS) concentrations were determined prior to, immediately after and 15 min after the exercise sessions.

Results

EMG amplitudes increased from CON (29 ± 13% MVC) to WBV (45 ± 20% MVC) to WBV + BFR (71 ± 37% MVC) conditions (p < 0.05). Likewise, lactate concentrations increased in a similar manner, demonstrating significantly higher increases in the WBV + BFR session compared to WBV and CON. Furthermore, significant correlations between lactate concentration and EMG amplitude were detected. ROS concentration did not change significantly between the conditions.

Conclusions

The findings of the present study emphasize that the addition of BFR increases the acute effects beyond WBV treatment alone which becomes manifested in both neuromuscular and metabolic adaptations. Further research is needed to identify potential long-term effects of the combination of these two training regimens.

Keywords

Blood flow restriction Electromyography Metabolic accumulation Whole-body vibration Myoelectric activity 

Abbreviations

1RM

One repetition maximum

AOP

Arterial occlusion pressure

BFR

Blood flow restriction

BP

Blood pressure

CON

Control

CSA

Cross-sectional area

EMG

Electromyography

EPR

Electron paramagnetic resonance

MVC

Maximum voluntary contraction

RMS

Root mean square

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

WBV

Whole-body vibration

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank all subjects who voluntarily participated in this study.

Author contributions

CC, RR, SS, AG and DK conceived and designed the study; CC, RR and SS performed the experiments; CC, RR, SS, AG and DK analyzed and interpreted data; CC, RR, SS, AG and DK edited the manuscript. All authors approved final version of the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Sport and Sport ScienceUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  2. 2.Praxisklinik RennbahnMuttenzSwitzerland

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