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Cardiovascular response of postmenopausal women to 8 weeks of sprint interval training

  • Daniel Zhang
  • Tornike Janjgava
  • Stephen H. Boutcher
  • Yati N. BoutcherEmail author
Original Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

Introduction

Menopause is accompanied by decreased aerobic fitness and increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Sprint interval training (SIT) is a time-efficient intervention for improving cardiovascular function and aerobic fitness of young adults.

Aim

To determine the effect of an 8-week SIT program on the cardiovascular function and aerobic fitness of overweight postmenopausal women.

Method

Thirty overweight postmenopausal women were randomized into exercise (n = 15) or control (n = 15) groups. The intervention group completed three SIT sessions a week for 8 weeks. Each session consisted of 20 min of 8-s sprints and 12 s of light pedalling. Participants also completed 8 min of light aerobic cycle exercise, before and after the SIT intervention. Cardiovascular function including heart rate, stroke volume (SV), and diastolic filling time (DFT) was assessed before and after the intervention and during 8 min of light aerobic exercise. Estimated maximal oxygen uptake (\(\dot {V}{{\text{O}}_{2{\text{max}}}}\)) was also assessed.

Results

Resting SV was increased (p = 0.001) from pre- (77.5 ± 17.0 mL) to post-SIT (81.3 ± 17.0 mL), whereas SV during 8 min of light aerobic exercise was increased (p = 0.000), from pre- (97.8 ± 1.6 mL) to post-test (103.5 ± 17.8 mL). Resting DFT was increased, (p = 0.010), at pre- (333.4 ± 94.4 mL) to post-SIT (357.4 ± 88.2 mL), whereas DFT during 8 min of aerobic exercise was increased, (p = 0.000), from pre- (480.1 ± 99.5 mL) to posttest (527.2 ± 123.0 mL). Predicted \(\dot {V}{{\text{O}}_{2{\text{max}}}}\) was increased, (p = 0.016), from pre- (19.5 ± 5.87 mL kg−1 min−1) to post-SIT (21.4 ± 7.02 mL kg−1 min−1).

Conclusion

SIT improved cardiovascular function and aerobic fitness of overweight postmenopausal women after 8 weeks of exercise.

Keywords

Sprint interval training Postmenopausal women Stroke volume Diastolic filling time Aerobic fitness 

Abbreviations

ANCOVA

Analysis of co-variance

BMI

Body mass index

BPM

Beats per minute

BSA

Body surface area

BP

Blood pressure

CI

Cardiac index

CO

Cardiac output

COP

Cardiac output program

CRF

Cardiorespiratory fitness

DFT

Diastolic filling time

ECG

Electrocardiography

HR

Heart rate

SIT

Sprint interval training

LV

Left ventricular

LVET

Left ventricular ejection time

PEP

Pre-ejection period

RPE

Rating of perceived exertion

RPM

Revolutions per minute

SI

Stroke index

SSE

Steady-state exercise

SV

Stroke volume

TPR

Total peripheral resistance

VER

Ventricular emptying rate

\(\dot {V}{{\text{O}}_2}\)

Oxygen uptake

\(\dot {V}{\text{C}}{{\text{O}}_2}\)

Carbon dioxide production

\(\dot {V}{{\text{O}}_{2{\text{max}}}}\)

Maximal oxygen uptake

VFT

Ventricular filling time

W

Watts

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Tze Yuen Ho, Vrischika Chabella, Alexandra Gleeson, Georgia Redmayne, Aengus Tran, Susan Li, and Helen Yoo for help with participant exercise training.

Author contributions

DZ and TJ’s contributions to the manuscript were equal. They shared first authorship. They organized data collection, data and statistical analyses, and contributed to the manuscript development. SB was responsible for the study design and manuscript development. YB organized participant recruitment, the testing timetable, statistical analyses, study design, and manuscript development.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

None of the authors had a personal or financial conflict of interest. The study received no sources of funding. The results of the study are presented clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification, or inappropriate data manipulation.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of New South WalesSydneyAustralia

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