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European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 118, Issue 2, pp 261–270 | Cite as

Recreational football practice attenuates postprandial lipaemia in normal and overweight individuals

  • Darren J PaulEmail author
  • Jens Bangsbo
  • George P Nassis
Original Article

Abstract

Introduction

The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of playing football on postprandial lipaemia in normal and overweight individuals.

Methods

Fifteen (7 normal weight, age = 32.3 ± 6.0 years, BMI = 22.8 ± 3.4 kg/m2 and 8 overweight, age = 33.3 ± 5.5 years, BMI = 29.2 ± 3.2 kg/m2, mean ± SD) recreational football players were recruited. On the evening of day 1, participants played a 60-min 9-a-side football match (FOOT) or rested (control; CON) in a randomised counterbalanced cross-over design. Activity profile, heart rate and rate of perceived exertion were recorded. The next morning (> 10 h after the match), blood samples were collected before (0), 0.75, 2, 4, and 6 h after a high-fat meal.

Results

Total area under the curve for triglycerides were 22% and 28% lower for the normal weight (p < 0.01; 95% CI − 2.45 to − 0.68; ES = 0.87) and overweight (p < 0.01; 95% CI − 8.14 to − 0.88; ES = 0.68) groups in the FOOT compared to the CON. The postprandial incremental area under the curve for triglycerides was 31% lower in the normal weight group (ES = 0.79) for the FOOT compared to CON trial and a discernible trend was shown for the overweight group (22%; ES = 0.51). Two-hour Insulin Sensitivity Index was lower (ES = − 0.95) for FOOT compared to CON trial in the overweight group only.

Conclusion

Playing a 60-min football match can attenuate the triglyceride response to a high-fat meal in normal and overweight individuals.

Keywords

Obesity Lipid Metabolism Exercise Games 

Abbreviations

TG

Triglyceride

LIST

Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test

FOOT

Football

CON

Control

BMI

Body Mass Index

WHR

Waist-to-hip ratio

BF%

Body fat percentage

DEXA

Dual energy X-ray Absorptiometry

YYIETL1

Yo Yo Intermittent Endurance Test Level 1

HR

Heart rate

sRPE

Session rate of perceived exertion

TC

Total cholesterol

LDL

Low-density lipoprotein

HDL

High-density lipoprotein

HOMA

Homeostasis model assessment

NEFA

Non-esterified fatty acids

ISI

Insulin Sensitivity Index

AUC

Area under the curve

iAUC

Incremental area under the curve

VLDL

Very low-density lipoproteins

ANOVA

Analysis of variance

ES

Effect size

95% CI

95% confidence interval

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors have no actual or potential conflict in relation to this manuscript, nor did we receive any funding to conduct this research. The authors hereby declare that the results of the study are presented clearly, honestly and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation and statement that results of the present study do not constitute endorsement by any products.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Sports Medicine Programme, Excellence in Football ProjectAspetar-Qatar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine HospitalDohaQatar
  2. 2.Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Copenhagen Centre for Team Sport and HealthUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark

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