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European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 117, Issue 7, pp 1437–1444 | Cite as

Acute effects of high-intensity interval training and moderate-intensity continuous training sessions on cardiorespiratory parameters in healthy young men

  • Gustavo Zaccaria Schaun
  • Cristine Lima Alberton
  • Diego Oliveira Ribeiro
  • Stephanie Santana Pinto
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of the present study was to compare the energy expenditure (EE) during and after two treadmill protocols, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate continuous training (CONT), in young adult men.

Methods

The sample was comprised by 26 physically active men aged between 18 and 35 years engaged in aerobic training programs. They were divided into two groups: HIIT (n = 14) which performed eight 20 s bouts at 130% of the velocity associated with the maximal oxygen consumption on a treadmill with 10 s of passive rest, or CONT (n = 12) which performed 30 min running on a treadmill at a submaximal velocity equivalent to 90–95% of the heart rate associated with the anaerobic threshold. Data related to oxygen consumption (\(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{2}\)) and EE were measured during the protocols and the excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) was calculated for both sessions.

Results

No difference was found between groups for mean \(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{2}\) (HIIT: 2.84 ± 0.46 L min−1; CONT: 2.72 ± 0.43 L min−1) and EE per minute (HIIT: 14.36 ± 2.34 kcal min−1; CONT: 13.21 ± 2.08 kcal min−1) during protocols. Regarding total EE during session, CONT resulted in higher values compared to HIIT (390.45 ± 65.15; 55.20 ± 9.33 kcal, respectively). However, post-exercise EE and EPOC values were higher after HIIT (69.31 ± 10.88; 26.27 ± 2.28 kcal, respectively) compared to CONT (55.99 ± 10.20; 13.43 ± 10.45 kcal, respectively).

Conclusion

These data suggest that supramaximal HIIT has a higher impact on EE and EPOC in the early phase of recovery when compared to CONT.

Keywords

Exercise Interval training Continuous training Oxygen uptake Energy expenditure EPOC 

Abbreviations

ANOVA

Analysis of variance

CE

Caloric equivalent

CONT

Moderate-intensity continuous training

EE

Energy expenditure

EPOC

Excess post-exercise oxygen consumption

HIIT

High-intensity interval training

HR

Heart rate

HRmax

Maximal heart rate

\({\text{i}}\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{2\hbox{max} }\)

Intensity associated with maximal oxygen consumption

\(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{2}\)

Maximal oxygen consumption

VT2

Second ventilatory threshold

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank all subjects who took part in the study for their genuine effort.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors attest that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gustavo Zaccaria Schaun
    • 1
  • Cristine Lima Alberton
    • 1
  • Diego Oliveira Ribeiro
    • 1
  • Stephanie Santana Pinto
    • 1
  1. 1.Neuromuscular Assessment Laboratory, Physical Education SchoolFederal University of PelotasPelotasBrazil

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