European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 117, Issue 3, pp 501–509 | Cite as

Effectiveness of using wearable vibration therapy to alleviate muscle soreness

Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

To examine the acute and short-term effect of a wearable vibration device following strenuous eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors.

Methods

Physically active males (n = 13) performed vibration therapy (VT) and control following eccentric exercise. The arms were randomised and counterbalanced, separated by 14 days. 15 min of VT (120 Hz) was applied immediately and 24, 48, and 72 h after eccentric exercise while the contralateral arm performed no VT (control). Muscle (isometric and concentric) strength, range of motion, electromyography (EMG), muscle soreness and creatine kinase were taken pre-exercise, immediately and 24, 48, and 72 h post-eccentric exercise. Additionally, the acute effect of VT of muscle strength, range of motion, EMG, muscle soreness was also investigated immediately after VT.

Results

In the short-term VT was able to significantly reduce the level of biceps brachii pain at 24 h (p < 0.05) and 72 h (p < 0.01), enhance pain threshold at 48 h (p < 0.01) and 72 h (p < 0.01), improve range of motion at 24 h (p < 0.05), 48 h (p < 0.01) and 72 h (p < 0.01) and significantly (p < 0.05) reduced creatine kinase at 72 h compared to control. Acutely, following VT treatment muscle pain and range of motion significantly improved (p < 0.05) at 24 h post, 48 h post, and 72 h post but no significant changes in muscle strength and EMG were reported acutely or short-term.

Conclusions

Acute and short-term VT attenuated muscle soreness, creatine kinase and improved range of motion; however, there was no improvement of muscle strength recovery compared to control following eccentric exercise of the elbow flexors.

Keywords

Muscle damage Concentric torque Recovery Creatine kinase 

Abbreviations

ANVOA

Analysis of variance

CK

Creatine kinase

cm

Centimetre

CV

Coefficient of variance

CON

Concentric

EMG

Electromyography

Hz

Hertz

mm

Millimetre

mmHg

Millimetre of mercury

ICC

Intraclass correlation

U/L

International units per litre

ISO

Isometric

N

Newton

PPT

Pain threshold

ROM

Range of motion

VAS

Visual analogue scale

VT

Vibration therapy

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Sport and ExerciseMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand

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