European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 114, Issue 7, pp 1493–1501

Determination of the optimal parameters maximizing muscle activity of the lower limbs during vertical synchronous whole-body vibration

  • Karin Lienhard
  • Aline Cabasson
  • Olivier Meste
  • Serge S. Colson
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

To describe the most effective parameters maximizing muscle activity during whole-body vibration (WBV) exercises on a vertically vibrating (VV) platform.

Methods

The influence of (1) WBV vs. no vibration, (2) vibration frequency (25, 30, 35, 40 Hz), (3) platform peak-to-peak displacement (1.2, 2 mm), and (4) additional loading (no load, 17, 33 kg) on surface electromyographic (sEMG) activity of five lower limb muscles was investigated in eighteen participants.

Results

(1) Comparing WBV to no vibration, sEMGRMS of the calf muscles was significantly higher with an additional load of 33 kg independently of the displacement and the frequency (P < 0.05). During WBV, (2) muscle activity at 40 Hz WBV was significantly higher than at 25 Hz for the gastrocnemius lateralis (GL) for all loads, and for the vastii medialis and lateralis using the 33 kg load (P < 0.05); (3) sEMGRMS of all lower limb muscles was significantly increased with the 2 mm compared to the 1.2 mm peak-to-peak displacement (P < 0.05); (4) an effect of additional load was found in the GL, with significantly higher neuromuscular activation for the 33 kg load than no load (P < 0.05).

Conclusions

On a VV platform, we recommend the use of a high platform displacement in combination with a high vibration frequency to provoke the highest muscle activity enhancement. Without maxing out the acceleration stimuli, calf muscles’ sEMG can be enhanced with an additional load of 33 kg which corresponded to 50 % of the body mass.

Keywords

Electromyography Load Displacement Knee Ankle Linear interpolation 

Abbreviations

ANOVA

Analysis of variance

BF

Biceps femoris

GL

Gastrocnemius lateralis

MVC

Maximal voluntary contraction

PSD

Power spectral density

RF

Rectus femoris

RMS

Root mean square

sEMG

Surface electromyography

sEMGRMS

Root mean square of the surface electromyography

SOL

Soleus

TVR

Tonic vibration reflex

VL

Vastus lateralis

VM

Vastus medialis

VV

Synchronous vibration platform

WBV

Whole-body vibration

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karin Lienhard
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Aline Cabasson
    • 1
  • Olivier Meste
    • 1
  • Serge S. Colson
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, I3S, UMR7271Sophia AntipolisFrance
  2. 2.University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, LAMHESS, EA 6309NiceFrance
  3. 3.University of Toulon, LAMHESS, EA 6309La GardeFrance
  4. 4.Laboratory of Human Motricity Education Sport and Health (EA 6309)University of Nice-Sophia AntipolisNiceFrance

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