European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 114, Issue 6, pp 1123–1128

Heart rate recovery normality data recorded in response to a maximal exercise test in physically active men

  • Davinia Vicente-Campos
  • Aurora Martín López
  • María Jesús Nuñez
  • Jose López Chicharro
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00421-014-2847-4

Cite this article as:
Vicente-Campos, D., López, A.M., Nuñez, M.J. et al. Eur J Appl Physiol (2014) 114: 1123. doi:10.1007/s00421-014-2847-4

Abstract

Background

Despite a growing clinical interest in determining the heart rate recovery (HRR) response to exercise, the limits of a normal HRR have not yet been well established.

Purpose

This study was designed to examine HRR following a controlled maximal exercise test in healthy, physically active adult men.

Methods

The subjects recruited (n = 789) performed a maximal stress test on a treadmill. HRR indices were calculated by subtracting the first and third minute heart rates (HRs) during recovery from the maximal HR obtained during stress testing and designated these as HRR-1 and HRR-3, respectively. The relative change in HRR was determined as the decrease in HR produced at the time points 1 and 3 min after exercise as a percentage of the peak HR (%HRR-1/HRpeak and %HRR-3/HRpeak, respectively). Percentile values of HRR-1 and HRR-3 were generated for the study population.

Results

Mean HHR-1 and HHR-3 were 15.24 ± 8.36 and 64.58 ± 12.17 bpm, respectively, and %HRR-1/HRpeak and %HRR-3/HRpeak were 8.60 ± 4.70 and 36.35 ± 6.79 %, respectively. Significant correlation was detected between Peak VO2 and HRR-3 (r = 0.36; p < 0.001) or %HRR-3/HRpeak (r = 0.23; p < 0.001).

Conclusions

Our study provides normality data for HRR following a maximal Ergometry test obtained in a large population of physically active men.

Keywords

Heart rate recovery Physical fitness Ergometry test Health 

Abbreviations

BMI

Body mass index

HR

Heart rate

HRR

Heart rate recovery

HRrest

Heart rate at rest

Peak VO2

Peak oxygen uptake

RER

Respiratory exchange ratio

VO2

Oxygen uptake

VO2max

Maximal oxygen uptake

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Davinia Vicente-Campos
    • 1
  • Aurora Martín López
    • 2
  • María Jesús Nuñez
    • 3
  • Jose López Chicharro
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Universidad Francisco de VitoriaMadridSpain
  2. 2.Universidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain
  3. 3.Centro Médico del Deporte OHPReebok Sports ClubMadridSpain
  4. 4.Grupo FEBIO, Universidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain
  5. 5.Universidad MayorSantiago de ChileChile

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