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European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 112, Issue 10, pp 3629–3639 | Cite as

Divergent muscle functional and architectural responses to two successive high intensity resistance exercise sessions in competitive weightlifters and resistance trained adults

  • Adam Storey
  • Samantha Wong
  • Heather K. Smith
  • Paul Marshall
Original Article

Abstract

Peak force (PF), contractile rate of force development (RFD) and contractile impulse (CI) are of great importance to competitive weightlifters (WL). These athletes routinely perform successive bouts of high-intensity resistance exercise (HIRE) within the same day (double-day training) with the aim of improving muscular function and weightlifting performance. The purpose of this investigation was to determine and compare the PF, contractile RFD and CI responses to double-day training between WL and resistance trained (RT) adults (n = 16 per group). Furthermore, we sought to establish whether acute changes in muscle function were associated with acute changes in muscle architecture. Isometric front squat PF, contractile RFD, CI and the pennation angle (θp), anatomical and physiological thickness of the m. vastus lateralis (VL) were determined before and after two equivalent HIRE sessions separated by 4–6 h rest. Each session consisted of ten single repetitions of the dynamic barbell front squat interspersed with 2-min rest, using a load equivalent to 90% of the pre-session PF. Weightlifters demonstrated greater PF at all time points when compared to RT adults and exhibited no significant within or between session changes in PF, contractile RFD or CI. Conversely, RT adults demonstrated within- and between-session decreases in PF and between-session increases in contractile RFD and CI. As no correlations were found between the relative within-session changes in muscle function and the concomitant changes in muscle architecture, other factors must contribute to the divergent responses in PF, contractile RFD and CI between WL and RT adults.

Keywords

Isometric Peak force Rate of force development Contractile impulse Pennation angle Muscle thickness 

Abbreviations

WL

Weightlifters

RT

Resistance trained

PF

Peak force

RFD

Rate of force development

CI

Contractile impulse

HIRE

High-intensity resistance exercise

VL

m. vastus lateralis

θp

Pennation angle

PCSA

Physiological cross-sectional area

MVC

Maximal voluntary contraction

Notes

Acknowledgments

Samantha Wong was supported by a Health Research Council Summer Studentship Scholarship during this investigation. We would also like to thank the Millennium Institute of Sport & Health, Netfit Training Room and the University of Auckland Clinics for use of their facilities.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adam Storey
    • 1
    • 3
  • Samantha Wong
    • 1
  • Heather K. Smith
    • 1
  • Paul Marshall
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Sport and Exercise ScienceUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.School of Biomedical and Health ScienceUniversity of Western SydneyNew South WalesAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Sport and Exercise Science, Auckland Mail CentreUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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