European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 112, Issue 9, pp 3187–3194 | Cite as

Effect of volume of milk consumed on the attenuation of exercise-induced muscle damage

  • Emma CockburnEmail author
  • Paula Robson-Ansley
  • Philip R. Hayes
  • Emma Stevenson
Original Article


Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) leads to decrements in muscle performance, increases in intramuscular proteins and delayed-onset of muscle soreness (DOMS). Previous research demonstrated that one litre of milk-based protein–carbohydrate (CHO) consumed immediately following muscle damaging exercise can limit changes in markers of EIMD possibly due to attenuating protein degradation and/or increasing protein synthesis. If the attenuation of EIMD is derived from changes in protein metabolism then it can be hypothesised that consuming a smaller volume of CHO and protein will elicit similar effects. Three independent matched groups of 8 males consumed 500 mL of milk, 1,000 mL of milk or a placebo immediately following muscle damaging exercise. Passive and active DOMS, isokinetic muscle performance, creatine kinase (CK), myoglobin and interleukin-6 were assessed immediately before and 24, 48 and 72 h after EIMD. After 72 h 1,000 mL of milk had a likely benefit for limiting decrements in peak torque compared to the placebo. After 48 h, 1,000 mL of milk had a very likely benefit of limiting increases in CK in comparison to the placebo. There were no differences between consuming 500 or 1,000 mL of milk for changes in peak torque and CK. In conclusion, decrements in isokinetic muscle performance and increases in CK can be limited with the consumption of 500 mL of milk.


Carbohydrate Protein Milk Muscle damage DOMS Muscle performance 



The Dairy Council provided a small grant to cover consumable costs.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emma Cockburn
    • 1
    Email author
  • Paula Robson-Ansley
    • 2
  • Philip R. Hayes
    • 2
  • Emma Stevenson
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Sport DevelopmentNorthumbria UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Department of Sports SciencesNorthumbria UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK

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