European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 112, Issue 6, pp 2163–2169 | Cite as

Effects of different levels of compression during sub-maximal and high-intensity exercise on erythrocyte deformability

  • Patrick Wahl
  • Wilhelm Bloch
  • Joachim Mester
  • Dennis-Peter Born
  • Billy Sperlich
Original Article


The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis whether different levels of sock compression (0, 10, 20, and 40 mmHg) affect erythrocyte deformability and metabolic parameters during sub-maximal and maximal running. Nine well-trained, male endurance athletes (age 22.2 ± 1.3 years, peak oxygen uptake 57.7 ± 4.5 mL min−1 kg−1) carried out four periods of sub-maximal running at 70% of peak oxygen uptake for 30 min followed by a ramp test until exhaustion with and without compression socks that applied different levels of pressure. Erythrocyte deformability, blood lactate, heart rate and arterial partial pressure of oxygen (pO2) were monitored before and during all of these tests. Erythrocyte deformability, heart rate, pO2 and lactate concentration were unaffected by compression, whereas exercise itself significantly increased erythrocyte deformability. However, the increasing effects of exercise were attenuated when high compression was applied. This first evaluation of the potential effects of increasing levels of compression on erythrocyte deformability and metabolic parameters during (sub-) maximal exercise, revealed no effects whatsoever.


LORCA Rigidity Blood lactate Running 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Wahl
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Wilhelm Bloch
    • 2
    • 3
  • Joachim Mester
    • 1
    • 3
  • Dennis-Peter Born
    • 1
  • Billy Sperlich
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of Training Science and Sport InformaticsGerman Sport University CologneCologneGermany
  2. 2.Department of Molecular and Cellular Sport MedicineInstitute of Cardiovascular Research and Sport Medicine, German Sport University CologneCologneGermany
  3. 3.The German Research Centre of Elite SportGerman Sport University CologneCologneGermany
  4. 4.Department of Sport ScienceUniversity of WuppertalWuppertalGermany

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