European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 112, Issue 6, pp 2035–2044 | Cite as

Resistance exercise and aerobic exercise when paired with dietary energy restriction both reduce the clinical components of metabolic syndrome in previously physically inactive males

  • Jeffrey A. Potteiger
  • Randal P. Claytor
  • Mathew W. Hulver
  • Michael R. Hughes
  • Michael J. Carper
  • Scott Richmond
  • John P. Thyfault
Original Article


The purpose of this study was to compare resistance exercise training (RT) to aerobic exercise training (AE) on the clinical risk factors for metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) in physically inactive overweight males (age 27–48 years). Subjects with at least one risk factor for MetSyn performed RT (n = 13, age 35.1 ± 4.7 years, BMI 31.2 ± 2.7 kg/m2) or AE (n = 9, age 37.6 ± 4.9 years, BMI, 31.2 ± 3.2 kg/m2) for 6 months. Training frequency and exercise session duration were equal and by 3 months the subjects exercised 4 day/week for 45 min/session. Blood lipids and glucose, waist circumference, and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) were measured at 0, 3, and 6 months. A MetSyn z score was calculated for each subject from triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, fasting glucose, waist circumference, and MAP. Statistical significance was set at p ≤ 0.05. No significant differences existed between RT and AE groups at 0 month. AE showed a significant reduction in MetSyn z score from 0 (0.91 ± 3.57) to 6 months (−1.35 ± 2.95), while RT approached significance (p = 0.07) from 0 (0.09 ± 2.62) to 6 months (−1.30 ± 2.22). Triglycerides (mmol/L) significantly decreased in AE from 0 (1.93 ± 0.90) to 6 months (1.41 ± 0.70). Waist circumference (cm) significantly decreased in AE from 0 (106.8 ± 7.3) to 6 months (101.2 ± 6.5), and in RT from 0 (108.4 ± 9.0) to 6 months (105.7 ± 7.0). MAP (mmHg) decreased in RT from 0 (93.8 ± 5.8) to 6 months (87.5 ± 6.1) and in AE from 0 (97.6 ± 7.0) to 6 months (91.3 ± 6.8). With equal training frequency and exercise session duration, both RT and AE training, when paired with energy restriction improve the clinical risk factor profile for MetSyn.


Fitness Body composition Blood pressure Cardiorespiratory fitness Blood lipids 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeffrey A. Potteiger
    • 1
  • Randal P. Claytor
    • 2
  • Mathew W. Hulver
    • 3
  • Michael R. Hughes
    • 4
  • Michael J. Carper
    • 5
  • Scott Richmond
    • 6
  • John P. Thyfault
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Movement ScienceGrand Valley State UniversityGrand RapidsUSA
  2. 2.Department of Kinesiology and HealthMiami UniversityOxfordUSA
  3. 3.Department of Human Nutrition, Foods, and ExerciseVirginia Polytechnic and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA
  4. 4.Department of StatisticsMiami UniversityOxfordUSA
  5. 5.Department of Health, Sport, and Exercise ScienceUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA
  6. 6.Department of KinesiologyMissouri State UniversitySpringfieldUSA
  7. 7.Departments of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology and Internal Medicine and Harry S. Truman VA HospitalUniversity of MissouriColumbiaUSA

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