Short-term street soccer improves fitness and cardiovascular health status of homeless men
- 1.2k Downloads
This study examined the effect of 12 weeks of small-sided street soccer (2.2 ± 0.7 sessions/week) and fitness center training (0.5 ± 0.2 sessions/week) on physical fitness and cardiovascular health profile for homeless men. Exercise capacity, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), body composition (DXA scans), blood pressure (BP), and blood lipid profile were determined before and after the intervention period for 22 soccer-group subjects (SG) and 10 waiting list controls (CO). In addition, time-motion analyses, HR measurements, and pedometer recordings were performed during street soccer training and daily-life activities. During a 60 min 4 versus 4 street soccer session 182 ± 62 intense running bouts were performed; mean HR was 82 ± 4% HRmax and HR was >90% HRmax for 21 ± 12% (±SD) of total time. On a day without training the participants performed 10,733 ± 4,341 steps and HR was >80% HRmax for 2.4 ± 4.3 min. In SG, VO2max was elevated (p < 0.05) from 36.7 ± 7.6 to 40.6 ± 8.6 ml/min/kg after 12 weeks and incremental cycle test performance was improved (p < 0.05) by 81 s (95% CI: 47–128 s). After 12 weeks, fat percentage (19.4 ± 8.5 to 17.5 ± 8.6%) and LDL cholesterol (3.2 ± 1.1 to 2.8 ± 0.8 mmol L−1) were lowered (p < 0.05) in SG. The observed changes in SG were different (p < 0.05) from CO and no intra-group changes occurred for CO (p > 0.05). BP was unaltered after 12 weeks (p > 0.05), but diastolic BP was lowered for all SG subjects with pre-values >75 mmHg (83 ± 6 to 76 ± 6 mmHg, n = 8, p < 0.05). In conclusion, the exercise intensity is high during street soccer and regular street soccer training can be used as an effective activity to promote physical fitness and cardiovascular health status for homeless men.
KeywordsTraining intensity Physical capacity VO2max Cholesterol Fat percentage Muscle mass Football
We thank all the subjects for their committed participation. We acknowledge the close cooperation with the employees at the homeless soccer organization “Ombold”. We also thank Karina Thomsen, Karina Westh, Christina Ørntoft and Line Bruun Jacobsen for excellent technical assistance. The study was supported by the Danish Ministry of Culture (Kulturministeriets Udvalg for Idrætsforskning).
- Bangsbo J, Nielsen JJ, Mohr M, Randers MB, Krustrup BR, Brito J, Nybo L, Krustrup P (2010) Performance enhancements and muscular adaptations of a 16-week recreational football intervention for untrained women. Scand J Med Sci Sports 20(Suppl 1):24–30Google Scholar
- Nielsen S, Hjorthoj C, Erlangsen A, & Nordentoft M (2011). Psychiatric disorders and mortality among people in homeless shelters in Denmark: a nationwide register-based cohort study. Lancet doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60885-4
- Pedersen P, Christensen AI, Hess U, & Curt T (2008). SUSY UDSAT—Sundhedsprofil for socialt udsatte i Danmark 2007 Rådet for Socialt Udsatte, CopenhagenGoogle Scholar
- Randers MB, Nybo L, Petersen J, Nielsen JJ, Christiansen L, Bendiksen M, Brito J, Bangsbo J, Krustrup P (2010b) Activity profile and physiological response to football training for untrained males and females, elderly and youngsters: influence of the number of players. Scand J Med Sci Sports 20(Suppl 1):14–23PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Tjonna AE, Lee SJ, Rognmo O, Stolen TO, Bye A, Haram PM, Loennechen JP, Al-Share QY, Skogvoll E, Slordahl SA, Kemi OJ, Najjar SM, Wisloff U (2008) Aerobic interval training versus continuous moderate exercise as a treatment for the metabolic syndrome: a pilot study. Circulation 118:346–354PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar