European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 111, Issue 5, pp 789–796 | Cite as

Predictors of maximal short-term power outputs in basketball players 14–16 years

  • Humberto M. Carvalho
  • Manuel J. Coelho E. Silva
  • António J. Figueiredo
  • Carlos E. Gonçalves
  • Renaat M. Philippaerts
  • Carlo Castagna
  • Robert M. Malina
Original Article


Relationships between growth, maturation and maximal short-term power outputs were investigated in 94 youth basketball players aged 14–16 years. Data included chronological age (CA), skeletal age (SA), years of training; body dimensions, estimated thigh volume, a running based short-term exercise assessed by the line drill test (LDT), the Bangsbo sprint test (BST) and short-term muscle power outputs with the Wingate anaerobic test (WAnT). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to estimate the effects of CA, skeletal maturity (SA/CA), years of training experience, body size and lower-limb volume on short-term performance in the LDT, BST and WAnT, respectively. Explained variances differed between cycle-ergometry outputs (52–54%) and running test performances (23–46%). The independent effects of predictors were small in the fatigue scores of the WAnT (4%) and the BST (11%). Skeletal maturity, body mass and leg length were primary predictors for all maximal short-term power output measures. Leg length was more relevant as a predictor than stature in the WAnT outputs, while stature and body mass appeared in the model with the running tests as dependent variable. Maximal short-term running abilities were also sensitive to years of training. In summary, skeletal maturation, body size and thigh muscle mass explained moderate to large proportions of the variance on maximal short-term performances of adolescent basketball players. The results highlight the importance of considering maturity status in evaluating the maximal short-term power outputs of adolescent athletes.


Maturation Growth Lower-limb volume Repeated-sprint ability Wingate test 



This research was in part supported by Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia [SFRH/BD/41647/2007]. The collaboration of the Federação Portuguesa de Basquetebol is acknowledged by the authors, as well as cooperation of the young athletes and coaches.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Humberto M. Carvalho
    • 1
  • Manuel J. Coelho E. Silva
    • 1
  • António J. Figueiredo
    • 1
  • Carlos E. Gonçalves
    • 1
  • Renaat M. Philippaerts
    • 2
  • Carlo Castagna
    • 3
  • Robert M. Malina
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculdade de Ciências do Desporto e Educação FísicaEstádio Universitário Coimbra Pavilhão-IIICoimbraPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health SciencesGhent UniversityGhentBelgium
  3. 3.School of Sport and Exercise SciencesUniversity of Rome Tor VergataRomeItaly
  4. 4.Department of KinesiologyTarleton State UniversityStephenvilleUSA
  5. 5.Department of Kinesiology and Health EducationUniversity of TexasAustinUSA

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