Effect of low-intensity resistance training on arterial function
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Although high-intensity resistance training increases central arterial stiffness, moderate-intensity resistance training does not. However, the effects of low-intensity resistance training on arterial stiffness are unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of low-intensity resistance training with short inter-set rest period (LSR) on arterial stiffness. Twenty-six young healthy subjects were randomly assigned to training (10 males, 3 females) and control groups (9 males, 4 females). The subjects performed LSR twice a week at 50% of one repetition maximum for 10 weeks. Training consisted of five sets of ten repetitions with an inter-set rest period of 30 s. Changes in brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) were assessed before and after the intervention period. After the intervention period, one repetition maximum strength increased (by 9–38%, P < 0.05 to <0.001; increases varied among the exercise types), baPWV decreased (from 1,093 ± 148 to 1,020 ± 128 cm/s, P < 0.05), and brachial FMD increased (from 9.7 ± 1.3 to 11.8 ± 1.9%, P < 0.05). These values did not change in the control group. These results suggest that LSR reduced arterial stiffness and improved vascular endothelial function.
KeywordsResistance training Arterial stiffness Vascular endothelial function
This research was supported by the Grant-in-Aid for Scientists Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (21700680).
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