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European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 111, Issue 2, pp 293–301 | Cite as

Effect of endurance training on performance and muscle reoxygenation rate during repeated-sprint running

  • Martin Buchheit
  • Pierre Ufland
Original Article

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of an 8-week endurance training program on repeated-sprint (RS) performance and post-sprints muscle reoxygenation rate in 18 moderately trained males (34 ± 5 years). Maximal aerobic speed (MAS), 10 km running and RS (2 × 15-s shuttle-sprints, interspersed with 15 s of passive recovery) performance were assessed before and after the training intervention. Total distance covered (TD) and the percentage of distance decrement (%Dec) were calculated for RS. Between-sprints muscle reoxygenation rate (Reoxy rate) was assessed with near-infrared spectroscopy during RS before and after training. After training, MAS (+9.8 ± 5.8%, with 100% chances to observe a substantial improvement), 10 km time (−6.2 ± 5.3%, 99%), TD (+9.6 ± 7.7%, 98%), %Dec (−25.6 ± 73.6%, 93%) and Reoxy rate (+152.4 ± 308.1%, 95%) were improved. The improvement of Reoxy rate was largely correlated with improvements in MAS [r = 0.63 (90% CL, 0.31;−0.82)] and %Dec [r = −0.52 (−0.15;−0.76)]. Present findings confirm the beneficial effect of endurance training on post-sprint muscle reoxygenation rate, which is likely to participate in the improvement of repeated-sprint ability after training. These data also confirm the importance of aerobic conditioning in sports, where repeating high-intensity/maximal efforts within a short time-period are required.

Keywords

Repeated-sprint ability Intra-efforts recovery Near-infrared spectroscopy Team and racquet sports 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Arnaud Chivot and Jonathan Parouty for their great help in data collection, Irmant Cadjjiov for his help during the writing of the manuscript and all the participants for their enthusiastic participation.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Laboratory, EA 3300, Exercise Physiology and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Sport SciencesUniversity of Picardie, Jules VerneAmiensFrance
  2. 2.Physiology Unit, Sport Science DepartmentAspire, Academy for Sports ExcellenceDohaQatar

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