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European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 110, Issue 1, pp 153–160 | Cite as

10 or 30-s sprint interval training bouts enhance both aerobic and anaerobic performance

  • Tom J. Hazell
  • Rebecca E. K. MacPherson
  • Braden M. R. Gravelle
  • Peter W. R. Lemon
Original Article

Abstract

We assessed whether 10-s sprint interval training (SIT) bouts with 2 or 4 min recovery periods can improve aerobic and anaerobic performance. Subjects (n = 48) were assigned to one of four groups [exercise time (s):recovery time (min)]: (1) 30:4, (2) 10:4, (3) 10:2 or (4) control (no training). Training was cycling 3 week−1 for 2 weeks (starting with 4 bouts session−1, increasing 1 bout every 2 sessions, 6 total). Pre- and post-training measures included: VO2max, 5-km time trial (TT), and a 30-s Wingate test. All groups were similar pre-training and the control group did not change over time. The 10-s groups trained at a higher intensity demonstrated by greater (P < 0.05) reproducibility of peak (10:4 = 96%; 10:2 = 95% vs. 30:4 = 89%), average (10:4 = 84%; 10:2 = 82% vs. 30:4 = 58%), and minimum power (10:4 = 73%; 10:2 = 69%; vs. 30:4 = 40%) within each session while the 30:4 group performed ~2X (P < 0.05) the total work session−1 (83–124 kJ, 4–6 bouts) versus 10:4 (38–58 kJ); 10:2 (39–59 kJ). Training increased TT performance (P < 0.05) in the 30:4 (5.2%), 10:4 (3.5%), and 10:2 (3.0%) groups. VO2max increased in the 30:4 (9.3%) and 10:4 (9.2%), but not the 10:2 group. Wingate peak power kg−1 increased (P < 0.05) in the 30:4 (9.5%), 10:4 (8.5%), and 10:2 (4.2%). Average Wingate power kg−1 increased (P < 0.05) in the 30:4 (12.1%) and 10:4 (6.5%) groups. These data indicate that 10-s (with either 2 or 4 min recovery) and 30-s SIT bouts are effective for increasing anaerobic and aerobic performance.

Keywords

Endurance training Cycling VO2max Time trial Wingate 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tom J. Hazell
    • 1
  • Rebecca E. K. MacPherson
    • 1
  • Braden M. R. Gravelle
    • 1
  • Peter W. R. Lemon
    • 1
  1. 1.Exercise Nutrition Research Laboratory, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Kinesiology, 2235 3M Centre The University of Western OntarioLondonCanada

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