Lower limb compression garment improves recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage in young, active females
- 3.9k Downloads
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of lower limb compression as a recovery strategy following exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD). Seventeen female volunteers completed 10 × 10 plyometric drop jumps from a 0.6-m box to induce muscle damage. Participants were randomly allocated to a passive recovery (n = 9) or a compression treatment (n = 8) group. Treatment group volunteers wore full leg compression stockings for 12 h immediately following damaging exercise. Passive recovery group participants had no intervention. Indirect indices of muscle damage (muscle soreness, creatine kinase activity, knee extensor concentric strength, and vertical jump performance) were assessed prior to and 1, 24, 48, 72, and 96 h following plyometric exercise. Plyometric exercise had a significant effect (p ≤ 0.05) on all indices of muscle damage. The compression treatment reduced decrements in countermovement jump performance (passive recovery 88.1 ± 2.8% vs. treatment 95.2 ± 2.9% of pre-exercise), squat jump performance (82.3 ± 1.9% vs. 94.5 ± 2%), and knee extensor strength loss (81.6 ± 3% vs. 93 ± 3.2%), and reduced muscle soreness (4.0 ± 0.23 vs. 2.4 ± 0.24), but had no significant effect on creatine kinase activity. The results indicate that compression clothing is an effective recovery strategy following exercise-induced muscle damage.
KeywordsRecovery DOMS Plyometric exercise
Conflict of interest statement
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Eston RG, Rowlands AV, Coulton D, McKinney J, Gleeson NP (2007) Effect of flexibility training on symptoms of exercise-induced muscle damage: a preliminary study. J Exerc Sci Fitness 5(1):33–39Google Scholar
- Kraemer WJ, Bush JA, Wickham RB, Denegar CR, Gomez AL, Gotshalk LA, Duncan ND, Volek JS, Putukian M, Sebastianelli WJ (2001) Influence of compression therapy on symptoms following soft tissue injury from maximal eccentric exercise. J Orthop Sport Phys 31(6):282–290Google Scholar
- Miyama M, Nosaka K (2004) Muscle damage and soreness following repeated bouts of consecutive drop jumps. Adv Exerc Sport Physiol 10(3):63–69Google Scholar
- Nosaka K, Kuramata T (1991) Muscle soreness and serum enzyme activity following consecutive drop jumps. J Sport Sci 9:213–220Google Scholar
- Trenell MI, Rooney KB, Sue CM, Thompson CH (2006) Compression garments and recovery from eccentric exercise: a 31P-MRS study. J Sport Sci Med 5:106–114Google Scholar