Climbing time to exhaustion is a determinant of climbing performance in high-level sport climbers
- First Online:
- 527 Downloads
We studied which physiological and kinanthropometric characteristics determine climbing performance in 16 high-level sports climbers aged 29.9 ± 4.9 years. Body composition parameters were measured with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scanner. We also measured kinanthropometric and physical fitness parameters. The sex-specific 75th percentile value of onsight climbing ability was used to divide the sample into expert (<75th) and elite (≥75th) climbers. All the analyses were adjusted by sex. The 75th percentile value of onsight climbing ability was 7b in women and 8b in men. There were no differences between expert and elite climbers in the studied variables, except in climbing time to exhaustion and bone mineral density. Elite climbers had a significantly higher time to exhaustion than the expert group (770.2 ± 385 vs. 407.7 ± 150 s, respectively, P = 0.001). These results suggest that, among climbers with a high level of performance, as those analysed in this study, climbing time to exhaustion is a major determinant of climbing performance.
KeywordsSport climbing High-level performance Climbing time to exhaustion Bone mineral density
- España-Romero V, Ortega Porcel F, García-Artero E, Ruiz JR, Gutiérrez Sainz A (2006) Performance, anthropometric and muscle strength characteristics in Spanish elite rock climbers. Selección Rev Esp Iberoam Med Educ Fís Dep 15:176–183Google Scholar
- España-Romero V, Ruiz JR, Ortega Porcel F, Artero EG, Vicente-Rodriguez G, Moreno LA, Castillo MJ, Gutiérrez Sainz A (2009) Body fat measurement in elite sport climbers: comparison of skinfold thickness equations with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. J Sports Sci 27:469–477CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar