European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 105, Issue 5, pp 731–738 | Cite as

Effect of high intensity intermittent training on heart rate variability in prepubescent children

  • François-Xavier Gamelin
  • Georges Baquet
  • Serge Berthoin
  • Delphine Thevenet
  • Cedric Nourry
  • Stéphane Nottin
  • Laurent Bosquet
Original Article


The purpose of this study was to observe the effect of high intermittent exercise training on children’s heart rate variability (HRV). Thirty-eight children (age 9.6 ± 1.2 years) were divided into an intermittent (IT, n = 22) and a control group (CON, n = 16). At baseline and after a 7-week training period, HRV parameters, peak oxygen consumption \( (\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{{2{\text{peak}}}} ) \) and maximal aerobic velocity (MAV) were assessed. Training consisted of three 30-min sessions composed by short maximal and supramaximal runs at velocities ranging from 100 up to 190% of MAV. HRV was computed in time and frequency domains. Training resulted in a significant increase in MAV and \( \dot{V}{\text{O}}_{{2{\text{peak}}}} \) in IT (P < 0.05) only without any significant change in HRV parameters for the two groups. Thus, 7 weeks of high intermittent exercise training allows to improve aerobic fitness. However, this modality of training was not sufficient enough to underline a possible effect on the heart rate autonomic regulation in children.


Autonomic nervous system Intermittent exercise Physical activity Poincaré analysis Prepubescent 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • François-Xavier Gamelin
    • 1
  • Georges Baquet
    • 1
  • Serge Berthoin
    • 1
  • Delphine Thevenet
    • 2
  • Cedric Nourry
    • 1
  • Stéphane Nottin
    • 3
  • Laurent Bosquet
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.LEMH, Laboratory of Human Movement Studies (EA 3608), Faculty of Sport SciencesUniversity of Lille 2RonchinFrance
  2. 2.Laboratory of Human Movement, Interaction and Performance (JE2438), UFRSTAPSUniversity of NantesNantesFrance
  3. 3.Laboratory of Cardiovascular Adaptations to Exercise (JE2426), Faculty of ScienceUniversity of AvignonAvignonFrance
  4. 4.Department of KinesiologyUniversity of MontrealMontrealCanada

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