European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 105, Issue 4, pp 633–641 | Cite as

Upper body power as a determinant of classical cross-country ski performance

Original Article

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between short (≤60 s) and long duration (4–12 min) measures of upper body power (UBP) and mass start classical cross-country ski performance. Several experienced skiers (eight men, five women) completed three separate tests of UBP on a double poling ergometer: two tests of highest average power output for 10 s (UBP10) and 60 s (UBP60), and an incremental test to exhaustion to measure peak oxygen uptake (VO2PEAK) and peak power output (UBPPEAK). Lastly, subjects competed in a 10-km classical cross-country ski race from which race speed (RS) was computed. RS correlated highly with UBP10 (r = 0.93; P < 0.05), UBP60 (r = 0.92; P < 0.05), and UBPPEAK (r = 0.94; P < 0.05); the correlation was lower but still significant for VO2PEAK (r = 0.88; P < 0.05). These findings suggest that both short and long duration measures of UBP are important determinants of mass start classical ski race performance.

Keywords

Cross-country skiing Double poling Endurance athletes Ergometer Peak oxygen uptake 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Athletic DepartmentBowdoin CollegeBrunswick04011USA
  2. 2.Movement Science/Human Performance Lab, Department of Health and Human DevelopmentMontana State UniversityBozemanUSA

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