European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 105, Issue 3, pp 421–428 | Cite as

The effects of acute whole body vibration as a recovery modality following high-intensity interval training in well-trained, middle-aged runners

  • J. Edge
  • T. Mündel
  • K. Weir
  • D. J. Cochrane
Original Article


The main purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of acute whole body vibration (WBV) on recovery following a 3 km time trial (3 km TT) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) (8 × 400 m). Post-HIIT measures included 3 km time-trial performance, exercise metabolism and markers of muscle damage (creatine kinase, CK) and inflammation (c-reactive protein, CRP). A second purpose was to determine the effects of a 3 km TT and HIIT on performance and metabolism the following day. Nine well-trained, middle-aged, male runners [(mean ± SD) age 45 ± 6 years, body mass 75 ± 7 kg, \( \dot{V} \)O2peak 58 ± 5 ml kg−1 min−1] performed a constant pace run at 60 and 80% velocity at \( \dot{V} \)O2peak (v \( \dot{V} \)O2peak) followed by a 3-km TT and a 8 × 400-m HIIT session on two occasions. Following one occasion, the athletes performed 2 × 15 min of low frequency (12 Hz) WBV, whilst the other occasion was a non-WBV control. Twenty-four hours after each HIIT session (day 2) participants performed the constant pace run (60 and 80% v \( \dot{V} \)O2peak) and 3 km TT again. There was a significant decrease in 3 km TT performance (~10 s) 24 h after the HIIT session (< 0.05); however, there were no differences between conditions (control vs. vibration, > 0.05). Creatine kinase was significantly elevated on day 2, though there were no differences between conditions (> 0.05). \( \dot{V} \)O2 and blood lactate were lower on day 2 (< 0.05), again with no differences between conditions (> 0.05). These results show no benefit of WBV on running performance recovery following a HIIT session. However, we have shown that there may be acute alterations in metabolism 24 h following such a running session in well-trained, middle-aged runners.


Mechanical massage Time trial Blood lactate Metabolism 



The authors would like to thank those who helped with the data collection especially Matthew Barnes, and to the participants who gave their time and effort to undertake the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human HealthMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of ManagementMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand

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