European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 104, Issue 6, pp 1039–1044 | Cite as

Influence of group training frequency on arterial stiffness in elderly women

  • Hajime MiuraEmail author
  • Emi Nakagawa
  • Yoshinori Takahashi
Original Article


We evaluated the effects of different training frequencies on arterial stiffness. 77 elderly women (mean 68.8 years and 7.0 SD) were divided into two training (1DW and 2DW) and a CONTROL group (n = 23). 1DW (n = 29) participated in 90-min group training once a week for 12 weeks, while 2DW (n = 25) attended twice a week. Each training program included recreational activities, six to eight resistance exercises for circuit training, and leg exercises for chair-based exercise. Brachial systolic and diastolic blood pressures and the brachial-to-ankle pulse-wave velocity (baPWV) were obtained in the supine position. Muscle strength and ventilatory threshold were also measured. After the training program, a reduction (P < 0.01) in baPWV was observed in 2DW (−7.8 ± 7.0%) but not in 1DW (−1.5 ± 7.5%) and CONTROL (−0.4 ± 7.5%) without any changes in other measurements. The results suggest that, in order to improve arterial stiffness, an exercise frequency of at least twice a week is to be recommended for elderly.


Group training Training frequency Pulse-wave velocity Arterial function Elderly men 



We thank David A House, Katherine Osgood, Saori Maruoka, Junko Hiroe, Kazuya Harada, Eri Yoshida, and Nao Okumura for their technical assistance in this study. This study was supported by a Grant-in Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Science, Sports and Culture of Japan (15700441).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hajime Miura
    • 1
    Email author
  • Emi Nakagawa
    • 1
  • Yoshinori Takahashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Applied Physiology, Faculty of Integrated Arts and SciencesUniversity of TokushimaTokushimaJapan

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