European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 103, Issue 4, pp 411–419 | Cite as

Fatigue in repeated-sprint exercise is related to muscle power factors and reduced neuromuscular activity

  • Alberto Mendez-Villanueva
  • Peter Hamer
  • David Bishop
Original Article

Abstract

The purpose of this study was (1) to determine the relationship between each individual’s anaerobic power reserve (APR) [i.e., the difference between the maximum anaerobic (Pana) and aerobic power (Paer)] and fatigability during repeated-sprint exercise and (2) to examine the acute effects of repeated sprints on neuromuscular activity, as evidenced by changes in the surface electromyogram (EMG) signals. Eight healthy males carried out tests to determine Pana (defined as the highest power output attained during a 6-s cycling sprint), Paer (defined as the highest power output achieved during a progressive, discontinuous cycling test to failure) and a repeated cycling sprint test (10 × 6-s max sprints with 30 s rest). Peak power output (PPO) and mean power output (MPO) were calculated for each maximal 6-s cycling bout. Root mean square (RMS) was utilized to quantify EMG activity from the vastus lateralis (VL) muscle of the right leg. Over the ten sprints, PPO and MPO decreased by 24.6 and 28.3% from the maximal value (i.e., sprint 1), respectively. Fatigue index during repeated sprints was significantly correlated with APR (R = 0.87; P < 0.05). RMS values decreased over the ten sprints by 14.6% (±6.3%). There was a strong linear relationship (R2 = 0.97; P < 0.05) between the changes in MPO and EMG RMS from the vastus lateralis muscle during the ten sprints. The individual advantage in fatigue-resistance when performing a repeated sprint task was related with a lower anaerobic power reserve. Additionally, a suboptimal net motor unit activity might also impair the ability to repeatedly generate maximum power outputs.

Keywords

Repeated sprints Muscle fatigue Anaerobic power reserve EMG 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Mendez-Villanueva
    • 1
    • 2
  • Peter Hamer
    • 1
    • 3
  • David Bishop
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Human Movement and Exercise ScienceThe University of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Performance Enhancement and Talent Identification SectionASPIRE, Academy of Sports ExcellenceDohaQatar
  3. 3.School of Health ScienceThe University of Notre Dame (Australia)FremantleAustralia
  4. 4.Team Sport Research Group, Facoltà di Scienze MotorieUniversità degli Studi di VeronaVeronaItaly

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