European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 104, Issue 2, pp 131–135 | Cite as

Modulation of adrenergic receptors and adrenergic functions in cold adapted humans

  • Ladislav Janský
  • Stanislav Vybíral
  • Miloslava Trubačová
  • Jan Okrouhlík
Original Article

Abstract

To specify the role of adrenoceptors in mediating adrenergic functions after adaptation of humans to cold, effect of administration of increasing concentrations of β1 and β2 adrenomimetics (Dobutamine, Bricanyl) on resting metabolic rate, heart rate, systolic blood pressure, rectal and skin temperatures of control humans and of cold adapted winter swimmers was studied. Increase in metabolic rate, mediated by β1 and β2 adrenomimetics, was attenuated after cold adaptation, indicating downregulation of β1 and β2 adrenoceptors. Since cold adapted humans have greater capacity of nonshivering thermogenesis, than that mediated by both β1 and β2 adrenoceptors, the role of other subtypes of adrenoceptors in mediating nonshivering thermogenesis is anticipated. Heart rate increased after administration of the β2 agonist, but was not influenced by the β1 agonist. The significance of β2 adrenoceptors in mediating heart rate was depressed after cold adaptation. Data indicate that modifications of activity of β adrenoceptors play crucial role in mechanisms responsible for adaptation of humans to cold.

Keywords

Adrenergic receptors and functions Cold adaptation Humans 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This study was financially supported by the Priessnitz Spa in Jeseník, Czech Rep.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ladislav Janský
    • 1
  • Stanislav Vybíral
    • 2
  • Miloslava Trubačová
    • 2
  • Jan Okrouhlík
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of South BohemiaBudweisCzech Republic
  2. 2.Faculty of ScienceCharles UniversityPrahaCzech Republic

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