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European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 101, Issue 6, pp 671–677 | Cite as

Anaerobic performance and metabolism in boys and male adolescents

  • Ralph BenekeEmail author
  • Matthias Hütler
  • Renate M. Leithäuser
Original Article

Abstract

Short-term maximum intensity performance, absolute and related to body mass, is lower in children than adolescents. The underlying mechanisms are not clear. We analysed Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) performance and metabolism in ten boys (mean (SD); age 11.8 (0.5) years, height 1.51 (0.05) m, body mass 36.9 (2.5) kg, muscle mass 13.0 (1.0) kg) and 10 adolescents (16.3 (0.7) years, 1.81 (0.05) m, 67.3 (4.1) kg, 28.2 (1.7) kg). Related to body mass, power of flywheel acceleration (6.0 (1.6) vs. 8.1 (1.1) W kg−1), peak power (10.8 (0.7) vs. 11.5 (0.6) W kg−1), average power (7.9 (0.5) vs. 8.9 (0.7) W kg−1), minimum power (6.1 (0.7) vs. 6.9 (0.9) W kg−1) and anaerobic lactic energy (687.6 (75.6) vs. 798.2 (43.0) J kg−1) were lower (P < 0.05) in boys than in adolescents. Related to muscle mass the change in lactate (0.69 (0.08) vs. 0.69 (0.04) mmol kg MM −1  s−1) and PCr (0.60 (0.17) vs. 0.52 (0.10) mmol kg MM −1  s−1) were not different. The corresponding oxygen uptake (1.34 (0.13) vs. 1.09 (0.13) ml kg MM −1  s−1), total metabolic rate (132.4 (12.6) vs. 119.7 (8.5) W kg MM −1 ) and PP (30.5 (2.6) vs. 27.5 (1.7 W) kg MM −1 ) were higher (P < 0.01) in boys than in adolescents. The results reflect a lower relative muscle mass combined with no differences in muscular anaerobic but fascilitated aerobic metabolism in boys. Compared with adolescents, boys’ performance seemed to be significantly impaired by flywheel inertia but supported by identical brake force related to body mass.

Keywords

Wingate anaerobic test Creatin phosphate Lactate Oxygen uptake 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of M. Jung in subject recruitment and data collection.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ralph Beneke
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Matthias Hütler
    • 2
  • Renate M. Leithäuser
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Sports and Exercise Science, Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of EssexColchesterEngland
  2. 2.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationHaukeland University HospitalBergenNorway
  3. 3.Biomedical Sciences, Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of EssexColchesterEngland

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