Advertisement

European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 101, Issue 5, pp 577–585 | Cite as

Postactivation potentiation of knee extensor muscles in power- and endurance-trained, and untrained women

  • Mati PääsukeEmail author
  • Lea Saapar
  • Jaan Ereline
  • Helena Gapeyeva
  • Bernardo Requena
  • Vahur Ööpik
Original Article

Abstract

This study compared postactivation potentiation (PAP) in knee extensor muscles after a 10 s conditioning isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) in female power- (PT, n = 12) and endurance-trained (ET, n = 12) athletes, and untrained (UT, n = 12) women aged 20–24 years. Isometric twitch characteristics of the knee extensor muscles were assessed in pre-MVC condition and during 15 min post-MVC period using supramaximal electrical stimulation of the femoral nerve by rectangular pulses of 1 ms duration. A significant (P < 0.05) potentiation of twitch peak torque (Pt, 30–51% in different groups), maximal rates of torque development (50–125%) and relaxation (76–124%) occurred immediately (2 s) post-MVC. PAP declined sharply at 1–3 min of recovery, whereas a significant potentiation of twitch Pt was still present for ET athletes at 1 min, and for UT women and PT athletes at 5 min of recovery, respectively. There were no significant (P > 0.05) changes in twitch contraction and half-relaxation times after a 10 s conditioning MVC. We concluded that PAP in knee extensor muscles is enhanced in PT but not in ET female athletes. The magnitude of PAP was greater when measured immediately after the conditioning MVC and its decline was slower in PT compared with ET athletes. Immediately post-MVC, twitch speed-related characteristics were potentiated to a greater extent than twitch Pt. The time-course of isometric twitch was not significantly altered by conditioning MVC.

Keywords

Human knee extensor muscles Contractile properties Power and endurance training Women 

References

  1. Baudry S, Duchateau J (2004) Postactivation potentiation in human muscle is not related to the type of maximal conditioning contraction. Muscle Nerve 30:328–336 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=15318344&query_hl=3&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baudry S, Klass M, Duchateau J (2005) Postactivation potentiation influences differently the nonlinear summation of contraction in young and elderly adults. J Appl Physiol 98:1243–1250 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=15557015&query_hl=3&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Belanger AY, McComas AJ, Elder GBC (1983) Physiological properties of two antagonistic human muscle groups. Eur J Appl Physiol 51:381–393 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=6685037&query_hl=6&itool=pubmed_docsum)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Clarkson PM, Kamen G, Kroll W (1980) Knee and ankle extension isometric endurance and muscle composition in power and endurance athletes. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 20:255–264 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=7453159&query_hl=8&itool=pubmed_DocSum)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Gollnick PD, Armstrong RB, Saubert CW, Piehl K, Saltin B (1972) Enzyme activity and fiber composition in skeletal muscle of untrained and trained men. J Appl Physiol 33:312–319 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=4403464&query_hl=14&itool=pubmed_DocSum)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Gossen ER, Sale DG (2000) Effect of postactivation potentiation on dynamic knee extension performance. Eur J Appl Physiol 83:524–530 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=11192060&query_hl=16&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Grange RW, Vandenboom R, Houston ME (1993) Physiological significance of myosin phosphorylation in skeletal muscle. Can J Appl Physiol 18:229–242 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=8242003&query_hl=18&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Grimby L, Hannerz J, Hedman B (1981) The fatigue and voluntary discharge properties of single motor units in man. J Physiol 316:545–554 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=7320881&query_hl=20&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Hamada T, Sale DG, MacDougall JD, Tarnopolsky MA (2000a) Postactivation potentiation, fiber type, and twitch contraction time in human knee extensor muscles. J Appl Physiol 88:2131–2137 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=10846027&query_hl=23&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Hamada T, Sale DG, MacDougall JD (2000b) Postactivation potentiation in endurance trained male athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc 32:403–411 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=10694124&query_hl=23&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hamada T, Sale DG, MacDougall JD, Tarnopolsky MA (2003) Interactions of fibre type, potentiation and fatigue in human knee extensor muscles. Acta Physiol Scand 178:165–173 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=12780391&query_hl=23&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hicks AL, Cupido CM, Martin J, Dent J (1991) Twitch potentiation during fatiguing exercise in the elderly: the effects of training. Eur J Appl Physiol 63:278–281 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=1761021&query_hl=27&itool=pubmed_docsum)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Klug GA, Botterman BR, Stull JT (1982) The effect of low frequency stimulation on myosin light chain phosphorylation in skeletal muscle. J Biol Chem 257:4688–4690 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=7068657&query_hl=33&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Kugelberg E, Thornell LE (1983) Contraction time, histochemical type, and terminal cisternae volume of rat motor units. Muscle Nerve 6:149–153 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=6222255&query_hl=38&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lattier G, Millet GY, Maffiuletti N, Babault N, Lepers R (2003) Neuromuscular differences between endurance-trained, power-trained, and sedentary subjects. J Strength Cond Res 17:514–521 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=12930179&query_hl=40&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lewis DM, Al-Mood WS, Rosendorff C (1986) Stimulation of stimulated muscle: what do isometric and isotonic recordings tell us? In: Nix WA, Vrbova G (eds) Electrical stimulation and neuromuscular disorders. Springer, Berlin, pp 101–113Google Scholar
  17. MacDougall JD (1992) Hypertrophy or hyperplasia. In: Komi PV (ed) Strength and power in sport. Blackwell, London, pp 230–238Google Scholar
  18. Moore RL, Stull JT (1984) Myosin light chain phosphorylation in fast and slow skeletal muscle in situ. Am J Physiol 247:C462–C471 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=6548609&query_hl=45&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. O’Leary DD, Hope K, Sale DG (1997) Posttetanic potentiation of human dorsiflexors. J Appl Physiol 83:2131–2138 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=9390991&query_hl=47&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Pääsuke M, Ereline J, Gapeyeva H (1998) Twitch potentiation capacity of plantarflexor muscles in endurance and power athletes. Biol Sport 15:171–178Google Scholar
  21. Pääsuke M, Ereline J, Gapeyeva H, Torop T (2002) Twitch contractile properties of plantarflexor muscles in female power-trained athletes. Med Sport 55:279–286Google Scholar
  22. Petrella RJ, Cunningham DA, Vandervoort AA, Paterson DH (1989) Comparison of twitch potentiation in the gastrocnemius of young and elderly men. Eur J Appl Physiol 58:395–399 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=2920718&query_hl=49&itool=pubmed_docsum)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Rassier DE, MacIntosh BR (2000) Coexistence of potentiation and fatigue in skeletal muscle. Braz J Med Biol Res 33:499–508 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=10775880&query_hl=52&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Raudsepp L, Pääsuke M (1995) Gender differences in fundamental movement patterns, motor performances and strength measurements of prepubertal children. Ped Exerc Sci 7:294–304Google Scholar
  25. Rice CL, Cunningham DA, Patterson DH, Dickinson JR (1993) Strength training alters contractile properties of the triceps brachii in men aged 65–78 years. Eur J Appl Physiol 66:275–280 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=8477684&query_hl=54&itool=pubmed_docsum)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sleivert GG, Campbell MG, Sale DG (1999) The effect of resistance training on post-activation potentiation of isometric twitches and dynamic voluntary movements. Med Sci Sports Exerc 31(Suppl 5):S327Google Scholar
  27. Sweeney HL, Stull JT (1986) Phosphorylation of myosin in permeabilized mammalian cardiac and skeletal muscle cells. Am J Physiol 250:C657–C660 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=3754389&query_hl=58&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Tesch PA, Karlsson J (1985) Muscle fiber types and size in trained and untrained muscles of elite athletes. J Appl Physiol 59:1716–1720 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=4077779&query_hl=60&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Vandervoort AA, McComas AJ (1983) A comparison of the contractile properties of the human gastrocnemius and soleus muscles. Eur J Appl Physiol 51:435–440 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=6685041&query_hl=62&itool=pubmed_docsum)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Vandervoort AA, Quinlan J, McComas AJ (1983) Twitch potentiation after voluntary contraction. Exp Neurol 81:141–152 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=6861942&query_hl=62&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Westerblad H, Lännegren J, Allen DG (1997) Slowed relaxation in fatigued skeletal muscle fiber of Xenopus and mouse: contribution [Ca2+] and cross-bridges. J Gen Physiol 109:385–399 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=9089444&query_hl=66&itool=pubmed_docsum)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Wretling ML, Henriksson-Larsen K, Gerdle B (1997) Inter-relationship between muscle morphology, mechanical output and electromyographic activity during fatiguing dynamic knee-extension in untrained females. Eur J Appl Physiol 76:483–490 (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=pubmed&cmd=Retrieve&dopt=AbstractPlus&list_uids=9404858&query_hl=68&itool=pubmed_docsum)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mati Pääsuke
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Lea Saapar
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jaan Ereline
    • 1
    • 2
  • Helena Gapeyeva
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bernardo Requena
    • 3
  • Vahur Ööpik
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Exercise Biology and PhysiotherapyUniversity of TartuTartuEstonia
  2. 2.Estonian Centre of Behavioural and Health SciencesUniversity of TartuTartuEstonia
  3. 3.Facultad del DeporteUniversidad Pablo de OlavideSevillaSpain

Personalised recommendations