European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 101, Issue 3, pp 293–300 | Cite as

Energy system contributions in indoor rock climbing

  • Rômulo Cássio de Moraes Bertuzzi
  • Emerson FranchiniEmail author
  • Eduardo Kokubun
  • Maria Augusta Peduti Dal Molin Kiss
Original Article


The present study cross-sectionally investigated the influence of training status, route difficulty and upper body aerobic and anaerobic performance of climbers on the energetics of indoor rock climbing. Six elite climbers (EC) and seven recreational climbers (RC) were submitted to the following laboratory tests: (a) anthropometry, (b) upper body aerobic power, and (c) upper body Wingate test. On another occasion, EC subjects climbed an easy, a moderate, and a difficult route, whereas RC subjects climbed only the easy route. The fractions of the aerobic (W AER), anaerobic alactic (W PCR) and anaerobic lactic \((W_{{\rm [La}^{-}]})\) systems were calculated based on oxygen uptake, the fast component of excess post-exercise oxygen uptake, and changes in net blood lactate, respectively. On the easy route, the metabolic cost was significantly lower in EC [40.3 (6.5) kJ] than in RC [60.1 (8.8) kJ] (P < 0.05). The respective contributions of the W AER, W PCR, and \(W_{\rm [La^{-}]}\) systems in EC were: easy route = 41.5 (8.1), 41.1 (11.4) and 17.4% (5.4), moderate route = 45.8 (8.4), 34.6 (7.1) and 21.9% (6.3), and difficult route = 41.9 (7.4), 35.8 (6.7) and 22.3% (7.2). The contributions of the W AER, W PCR, and \(W_{\rm [La^{-}]}\) systems in RC subjects climbing an easy route were 39.7 (5.0), 34.0 (5.8), and 26.3% (3.8), respectively. These results indicate that the main energy systems required during indoor rock climbing are the aerobic and anaerobic alactic systems. In addition, climbing economy seems to be more important for the performance of these athletes than improved energy metabolism.


Oxygen consumption Blood lactate Oxygen debt Energy sources Training status 



The authors wish to acknowledge the whole team of Ginásio Noventa Graus de Escalada Esportiva (São Paulo, Brazil) for assistance with data collection during the experiments, and the rock climbers involved in this study for their committed participation. We also thank Dr. Valmor A. A. Tricoli for reviewing the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rômulo Cássio de Moraes Bertuzzi
    • 1
  • Emerson Franchini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eduardo Kokubun
    • 2
  • Maria Augusta Peduti Dal Molin Kiss
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Physical Education and SportUniversity of São Paulo (USP)São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Physical Education, Bioscience InstituteSão Paulo State University (UNESP)Rio ClaroBrazil

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