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European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 99, Issue 6, pp 677–684 | Cite as

Effect of prior heavy exercise on muscle deoxygenation kinetics at the onset of subsequent heavy exercise

  • A. MarlesEmail author
  • S. Perrey
  • R. Legrand
  • N. Blondel
  • A. Delangles
  • D. Betbeder
  • P. Mucci
  • F. Prieur
Original Article

Abstract

This study examines the effect of prior heavy exercise on muscle deoxygenation kinetics at the onset of heavy-intensity cycling exercise. Ten young male adults (20 ± 2 years) performed two repetitions of step transitions (6 min) from 35 W to heavy-intensity exercise preceded by either no warm-up or by a heavy-intensity exercise. \({\dot{{V}}\hbox{O}_{2}}\) was measured breath-by-breath, and muscle deoxygenation (HHb) and total hemoglobin (Hbtot) were monitored continuously by near-infrared spectroscopy. We used a two-exponential model to describe the \({\dot{{V}}\hbox{O}_{2}}\) kinetics and a mono-exponential model for the HHb kinetic. The parameters of the phase II \({\dot{{V}}\hbox{O}_{2}}\) kinetics \({(\hbox{TD}_{1} \dot{{V}}\hbox{O}_{2}, \tau_{1}\dot{{V}}\hbox{O}_{2}}\) and \({\hbox{A}_{1} \dot{{V}}\hbox{O}_{2}}\)) were unaffected by prior heavy exercise, while some parameters of local muscle deoxygenation kinetics were significantly faster (TD HHb: 7 ± 2 vs. 5 ± 2 s; P <  0.001, MRT HHb: 20 ± 3 vs. 15± 4 s; P <  0.05). Blood lactate, heart rate and Hbtot values were significantly higher before the second bout of heavy exercise. These results collectively suggest that the prior heavy exercise probably increased muscle O2 availability and improved O2 utilization at the onset of a subsequent bout of heavy exercise.

Keywords

Near infrared spectroscopy \({\dot{{V}}\hbox{O}_{2}}\) kinetics Muscle oxygen utilization Prior exercise 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The technical support of Stefano Lazzary was greatly appreciated. This study was supported by the Medical Sports Center of Lievin.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Marles
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  • S. Perrey
    • 3
  • R. Legrand
    • 1
  • N. Blondel
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Delangles
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. Betbeder
    • 2
  • P. Mucci
    • 1
  • F. Prieur
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.EA 3608 Physical activity, Sport and Health, Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical EducationUniversity of LilleLilleFrance
  2. 2.Faculty of Sport SciencesUniversity of ArtoisLievinFrance
  3. 3.EA 2991 Motor Efficiency and Deficiency, Faculty of Sport SciencesUniversity of Montpellier IMontpellierFrance
  4. 4.UFR STAPSLievinFrance

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