Preventive effects of Spirulina platensis on skeletal muscle damage under exercise-induced oxidative stress

  • Hsueh-Kuan LuEmail author
  • Chin-Cheng Hsieh
  • Jen-Jung Hsu
  • Yuh-Kuan Yang
  • Hong-Nong Chou
Original Article


The effects of spirulina supplementation on preventing skeletal muscle damage on untrained human beings were examined. Sixteen students volunteered to take Spirulina platensis in addition to their normal diet for 3-weeks. Blood samples were taken after finishing the Bruce incremental treadmill exercise before and after treatment. The results showed that plasma concentrations of malondialdehyde (MDA) were significantly decreased after supplementation with spirulina (P < 0.05). The activity of blood superoxide dismutase (SOD) was significantly raised after supplementation with spirulina or soy protein (< 0.05). Both of the blood glutathione peroxidaes (GP x ) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were significantly different between spirulina and soy protein supplementation by an ANCOVA analysis (< 0.05). In addition, the lactate (LA) concentration was higher and the time to exhaustion (TE) was significantly extended in the spirulina trail (< 0.05). These results suggest that ingestion of S. platensis showed preventive effect of the skeletal muscle damage and that probably led to postponement of the time of exhaustion during the all-out exercise.


Algae Antioxidant Lactate dehydrogenase Fatigue Malondialdehyde 



The authors would like to acknowledge the financial support of Chuang-Chun Chueh (president of FEMICO, Fareast Microalgae Industry, Taiwan).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hsueh-Kuan Lu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chin-Cheng Hsieh
    • 2
  • Jen-Jung Hsu
    • 3
  • Yuh-Kuan Yang
    • 1
  • Hong-Nong Chou
    • 4
  1. 1.Sport Science Research CenterNational Taiwan College of Physical EducationTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Physical EducationNational Hsin-Chu Teachers UniversityHsinchuTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Holistic WellnessMingdao UniversityChangHuaTaiwan
  4. 4.College of Life ScienceNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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