European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 98, Issue 1, pp 56–61 | Cite as

Physiological responses to nordic walking, walking and jogging

  • Thorsten SchifferEmail author
  • Axel Knicker
  • Uwe Hoffman
  • Brigitte Harwig
  • Wildor Hollmann
  • Heiko K. Strüder
Original Article


The goal of this study was to evaluate the physiological responses during incremental field tests (FT) in nordic walking (NW), walking (W) and jogging (J). Fifteen healthy middle-aged women participated in three FT. Heart rate (HR) and oxygen uptake \({\left( {\ifmmode\expandafter\dot\else\expandafter\.\fi{V}{\text{O}}_{2} } \right)} \) were monitored continuously by portable analyzers. Capillary blood lactate (La) was analyzed at rest and after every stage of the FT. The disciplines showed differences during stage 1.8 and 2.1 m s−1 for \( \ifmmode\expandafter\dot\else\expandafter\.\fi{V}{\text{O}}_{2} \) between NW and W (< 0.05). The maximum value was measured at 1.8 m s−1 (8%). In accordance with La, \( \ifmmode\expandafter\dot\else\expandafter\.\fi{V}{\text{CO}}_{2} \) was higher in NW compared with W during all stages (< 0.05) and even higher in NW compared with J during 2.1 and 2.4 m s−1. While there were higher HR for NW and W at 2.4 m s−1 than in J (< 0.01), there were increases for HR at fixed values of 2 (La2) and 4 (La4) mmol l−1 lactate for J compared with NW and W (< 0.01). Although the speed of NW was slower than that of W at La2 and La4 (< 0.05), there were no differences for the HR and the \( \ifmmode\expandafter\dot\else\expandafter\.\fi{V}{\text{O}}_{2} . \) Our results demonstrate that metabolic responses are a helpful instrument to assess the intensity during bipedal exercise. As NW speed at submaximal lactate levels is lower than in W and J, W and J test measures of HR and \( \ifmmode\expandafter\dot\else\expandafter\.\fi{V}{\text{O}}_{2} \) are not suitable for NW training recommendations. Additionally, the \( \ifmmode\expandafter\dot\else\expandafter\.\fi{V}{\text{O}}_{2} \) formed by performing NW is not as high as previously reported.


Endurance field test Incremental exercise Oxygen consumption Nordic walking 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thorsten Schiffer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Axel Knicker
    • 1
  • Uwe Hoffman
    • 2
  • Brigitte Harwig
    • 1
  • Wildor Hollmann
    • 3
  • Heiko K. Strüder
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Motor Control and Movement TechniqueGerman Sport University CologneCologneGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Physiology and AnatomyGerman Sport University CologneCologneGermany
  3. 3.Institute of Cardiology and Sports MedicineGerman Sport University CologneCologneGermany

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