European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 94, Issue 5–6, pp 500–504 | Cite as

Acute EPOC response in women to circuit training and treadmill exercise of matched oxygen consumption

Original Article


The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effects of circuit training (CT) and treadmill exercise performed at matched rates of oxygen consumption and exercise duration on elevated post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) in untrained women, while controlling for the menstrual cycle. Eight, untrained females (31.3±9.1 years; 2.04±0.26 l min−1 estimated VO2max; BMI=24.6±3.9 kg/m2) volunteered to participate in the study. Testing was performed during the early follicular phase for each subject to minimize hormonal variability between tests. Subjects performed two exercise sessions approximately 28 days apart. Resting, supine energy expenditure was measured for 30 min preceding exercise and for 1 h after completion of exercise. Respiratory gas exchange data were collected continuously during rest and exercise periods via indirect calorimetry. CT consisted of three sets of eight common resistance exercises. Pre-exercise and exercise oxygen consumption was not different between testing days (P>0.05). Thus, exercise conditions were appropriately matched. Analysis of EPOC data revealed that CT resulted in a significantly higher (p<0.05) oxygen uptake during the first 30 min of recovery (0.27±0.01 l min−1 vs 0.23±0.01 l min−1); though, at 60 min, treatment differences were not present. Mean VO2 remained significantly higher (0.231±0.01 l min−1) than pre-exercise measures (0.193±0.01 l min−1) throughout the 60-min EPOC period (p<0.05). Heart rate, RPE, VE and RER were all significantly greater during CT (p<0.05). When exercise VO2 and exercise duration were matched, CT was associated with a greater metabolic disturbance and cost during the early phases of EPOC.


Resistance exercise RER VO2 Ventilation 


  1. Bahr R, Hansson P, Sejersted OM (1990) Triglyceride/fatty acid cycling is increased after exercise. Metabolism 39(9):993–999CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Binzen CA, Swan PD, Manore MM (2001) Postexercise oxygen consumption and substrate use after resistance exercise in women. Med Sci Sports Exerc 33(6):932–938PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Brooks GA, Fahey TD, Baldwin KM (2005) Exercise physiology: human bioenergetics and its applications, 4th edn. McGraw Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Burleson MA, O‘Bryant HS, Stone MH, Collins MA, Triplett-McBride T (1998) Effect of weight training exercise and treadmill exercise on post-exercise oxygen consumption. Med Sci Sports Exerc 30(4):518–522PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Chad KE, Quigley BM (1991) Exercise intensity: effect on postexercise O2 uptake in trained and untrained women. J Appl Physiol 70(4): 1713–1719PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Frey GC, Byrnes WC, Mazzeo RS (1993) Factors influencing excess postexercise oxygen consumption in trained and untrained women. Metabolism 42(7):822–828CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Fukuba Y, Yano Y, Murakami H, Kan A, Miura A (2000) The effect of dietary restriction and menstrual cycle on excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) in young women. Clin Physiol 20(2):165–169CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Gillette CA, Bullough RC, Melby CL (1994) Postexercise energy expenditure in response to acute aerobic or resistive exercise. Int J Sport Nutr 4(4):347–360PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Haltom RW, Kraemer RR, Sloan RA, Hebert EP, Frank K, Tryniecki JL (1999) Circuit weight training and its effects on excess postexercise oxygen consumption. Med Sci Sports Exerc 31(11):1613–1618CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Henry CJ, Lightowler HJ, Marchini J (2003) Intra-individual variation in resting metabolic rate during the menstrual cycle. Br J Nutr 89(6):811–817CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Jackson AS, Pollock ML (1985) Practical assessment of body composition. Phys Sports Med 13(5):76–90Google Scholar
  12. Matsuo T, Saitoh S, Suzuki M (1999) Effects of the menstrual cycle on excess postexercise oxygen consumption in healthy young women. Metabolism 48(3):275–277CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Melby C, Scholl C, Edwards G, Bullough R (1993) Effect of acute resistance exercise on postexercise energy expenditure and resting metabolic rate. J Appl Physiol 75(4):1847–1853PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Osterberg KL, Melby CL (2000) Effect of acute resistance exercise on postexercise oxygen consumption and resting metabolic rate in young women. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 10(1):71–81PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Phelain JF, Reinke E, Harris MA, Melby CL (1997) Postexercise energy expenditure and substrate oxidation in young women resulting from exercise bouts of different intensity. J Am Coll Nutr 16(2): 140–146PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Poehlman ET, Melby C (1998) Resistance training and energy balance. Int J Sport Nutr 8(2):143–159PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Scott CB (1997) Interpreting energy expenditure for anaerobic exercise and recovery: an anaerobic hypothesis. J Sports Med Phys Fitness 37: 18–23PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Scott CB (1998) Re-interpreting anaerobic metabolism:an argument for the application of both anaerobic glycolysis and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) as independent sources of energy expenditure. Eur J Appl Physiol 77:200–205Google Scholar
  19. Solomon SJ, Kurzer MS, Calloway DH (1982) Menstrual cycle and basal metabolic rate in women. Am J Clin Nutr 36(4):611–616PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Thornton MK, Potteiger JA (2002) Effects of resistance exercise bouts of different intensities but equal work on EPOC. Med Sci Sports Exerc 34(4):715–722CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. A. Braun
    • 1
  • W. E. Hawthorne
    • 2
  • M. M. Markofski
    • 2
  1. 1.Exercise Science DepartmentShippensburg UniversityShippensburgUSA
  2. 2.Exercise Science DepartmentCalifornia State Polytechnic UniversityPomonaUSA

Personalised recommendations