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European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 95, Issue 1, pp 27–34 | Cite as

Relationship between oxygen uptake kinetics and performance in repeated running sprints

  • Grégory DupontEmail author
  • Grégoire P. Millet
  • Comlavi Guinhouya
  • Serge Berthoin
Original Article

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that subjects having a shorter time constant for the fast component of \(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{2}\) kinetics in a transition from rest to constant exercise would maintain their speed for a longer time during repeated sprint exercise (RSE). Eleven male soccer players completed a graded test, two constant exercises at 60% maximal aerobic speed and RSE, consisting of fifteen 40-m sprints alternated with 25 s of active recovery. All the tests were performed on the field (200 m indoor track). The parameters of the \(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{2}\) kinetics (time delay, time constant, and amplitude of the primary phase) during the two constant exercises were modeled. All subjects elicited \(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{2{\rm max}}\) during the RSE. A significant correlation was found between \(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{2{\rm max}}\) and the relative decrease in speed during the 15 sprints (r=0.71; p < 0.05), but not between \(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{2{\rm max}}\) and the cumulated time for the 15 sprints (r=0.48; p > 0.05). There were significant correlations between the time constant of the primary phase and the relative decrease in speed during the 15 sprints (r=0.80; p < 0.01) and the cumulated time for the 15 sprints (r=0.80; p < 0.01). These results suggest that individuals with faster \(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{2}\) kinetics during constant load exercise might also have a faster adjustment of \(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{2}\) during RSE leading to a shorter cumulated time and a lower relative decrease in speed during the 15 sprints.

Keywords

Training Active recovery Primary phase 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the administration of the Stade Régional Couvert de Liévin where the field tests were performed, Dr. Bacquaert and the Institut Régional de Biologie et de Médecine du Sport, Région Nord-Pas de Calais for medical assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Grégory Dupont
    • 1
    Email author
  • Grégoire P. Millet
    • 2
  • Comlavi Guinhouya
    • 1
  • Serge Berthoin
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Human Movement Studies, EA 3608, Faculty of Sports Sciences and Physical EducationUniversity of Lille 2RonchinFrance
  2. 2.UPRES, EA 3759, Faculty of Sports SciencesUniversity of Montpellier 1France

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