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European Journal of Applied Physiology

, Volume 92, Issue 3, pp 305–311 | Cite as

Differential influences of exercise intensity on information processing in the central nervous system

  • Keita Kamijo
  • Yoshiaki Nishihira
  • Arihiro Hatta
  • Takeshi Kaneda
  • Toshiaki Wasaka
  • Tetsuo Kida
  • Kazuo Kuroiwa
Original Article

Abstract

The influence of exercise intensity on information processing in the central nervous system was investigated using P300 and no-go P300 event-related potentials. Twelve subjects (22–33 years) performed a go/no-go reaction time task in a control condition, and again after high-, medium-, and low-intensity pedaling exercises. Compared to the control condition, P300 amplitude decreased after high-intensity pedaling exercise and increased after medium-intensity pedaling exercise. There was no change after low-intensity pedaling exercise. These results suggested that the amount of attentional resources devoted to a given task decreased after high-intensity exercise and increased after medium-intensity exercise. The findings also suggest that changes in P300 amplitude are an inverted U-shaped behavior of differences in exercise intensity. In addition, no-go P300 amplitude showed the same changes as P300 amplitude at different exercise intensities. This indicates that differences in exercise intensity influenced not only the intensity of processing the requirement for a go response, but also processing of the need for a no-go response. It is concluded that differences in exercise intensity influenced information processing in the CNS.

Keywords

Event-related potential P300 No-go P300 Inverted U-shaped behavior 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This study was supported by the Nishihira/Tsukuba Project of Center of Excellence from the Japan Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keita Kamijo
    • 1
  • Yoshiaki Nishihira
    • 2
  • Arihiro Hatta
    • 2
  • Takeshi Kaneda
    • 2
  • Toshiaki Wasaka
    • 3
  • Tetsuo Kida
    • 3
  • Kazuo Kuroiwa
    • 3
  1. 1.Doctoral Program in Graduate School of Comprehensive Human SciencesUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Institute of Health and Sports ScienceUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Doctoral Program in Health and Sports ScienceUniversity of TsukubaTsukubaJapan

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